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CodeSystem "usps" Version "1"

Tags: (no tags)  +

This Resource , XML or JSON representation, or the full version history.. provenance for this resource
Updated: by

Generated Narrative with Details

id: usps

url: https://www.usps.com/

name: USStateCodes

title: US State Codes

status: active

experimental: false

date: 12/5/2013

publisher: Health Intersections

description: Country Codes as defined by US Postal Service

caseSensitive: true

content: complete


{
  "resourceType" : "CodeSystem",
  "id" : "usps",
  "meta" : {
    "versionId" : "1",
    "lastUpdated" : "2018-11-09T01:53:41.623Z"
  },
  "text" : {
    "status" : "generated",
    "div" : "<div xmlns=\"http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml\"><p><b>Generated Narrative with Details</b></p><p><b>id</b>: usps</p><p><b>url</b>: <a href=\"https://www.usps.com/\">https://www.usps.com/</a></p><p><b>name</b>: USStateCodes</p><p><b>title</b>: US State Codes</p><p><b>status</b>: active</p><p><b>experimental</b>: false</p><p><b>date</b>: 12/5/2013</p><p><b>publisher</b>: Health Intersections</p><p><b>description</b>: Country Codes as defined by US Postal Service</p><p><b>caseSensitive</b>: true</p><p><b>content</b>: complete</p></div>"
  },
  "url" : "https://www.usps.com/",
  "name" : "USStateCodes",
  "title" : "US State Codes",
  "status" : "active",
  "experimental" : false,
  "date" : "2013-12-05",
  "publisher" : "Health Intersections",
  "description" : "Country Codes as defined by US Postal Service",
  "caseSensitive" : true,
  "content" : "complete",
  "concept" : [
    {
      "code" : "AK",
      "display" : "Alaska"
    },
    {
      "code" : "AL",
      "display" : "Alabama"
    },
    {
      "code" : "AR",
      "display" : "Arkansas"
    },
    {
      "code" : "AS",
      "display" : "American Samoa"
    },
    {
      "code" : "AZ",
      "display" : "Arizona"
    },
    {
      "code" : "CA",
      "display" : "California"
    },
    {
      "code" : "CO",
      "display" : "Colorado"
    },
    {
      "code" : "CT",
      "display" : "Connecticut"
    },
    {
      "code" : "DC",
      "display" : "District of Columbia"
    },
    {
      "code" : "DE",
      "display" : "Delaware"
    },
    {
      "code" : "FL",
      "display" : "Florida"
    },
    {
      "code" : "FM",
      "display" : "Federated States of Micronesia"
    },
    {
      "code" : "GA",
      "display" : "Georgia"
    },
    {
      "code" : "GU",
      "display" : "Guam"
    },
    {
      "code" : "HI",
      "display" : "Hawaii"
    },
    {
      "code" : "IA",
      "display" : "Iowa"
    },
    {
      "code" : "ID",
      "display" : "Idaho"
    },
    {
      "code" : "IL",
      "display" : "Illinois"
    },
    {
      "code" : "IN",
      "display" : "Indiana"
    },
    {
      "code" : "KS",
      "display" : "Kansas"
    },
    {
      "code" : "KY",
      "display" : "Kentucky"
    },
    {
      "code" : "LA",
      "display" : "Louisiana"
    },
    {
      "code" : "MA",
      "display" : "Massachusetts"
    },
    {
      "code" : "MD",
      "display" : "Maryland"
    },
    {
      "code" : "ME",
      "display" : "Maine"
    },
    {
      "code" : "MH",
      "display" : "Marshall Islands"
    },
    {
      "code" : "MI",
      "display" : "Michigan"
    },
    {
      "code" : "MN",
      "display" : "Minnesota"
    },
    {
      "code" : "MO",
      "display" : "Missouri"
    },
    {
      "code" : "MP",
      "display" : "Northern Mariana Islands"
    },
    {
      "code" : "MS",
      "display" : "Mississippi"
    },
    {
      "code" : "MT",
      "display" : "Montana"
    },
    {
      "code" : "NC",
      "display" : "North Carolina"
    },
    {
      "code" : "ND",
      "display" : "North Dakota"
    },
    {
      "code" : "NE",
      "display" : "Nebraska"
    },
    {
      "code" : "NH",
      "display" : "New Hampshire"
    },
    {
      "code" : "NJ",
      "display" : "New Jersey"
    },
    {
      "code" : "NM",
      "display" : "New Mexico"
    },
    {
      "code" : "NV",
      "display" : "Nevada"
    },
    {
      "code" : "NY",
      "display" : "New York"
    },
    {
      "code" : "OH",
      "display" : "Ohio"
    },
    {
      "code" : "OK",
      "display" : "Oklahoma"
    },
    {
      "code" : "OR",
      "display" : "Oregon"
    },
    {
      "code" : "PA",
      "display" : "Pennsylvania"
    },
    {
      "code" : "PR",
      "display" : "Puerto Rico"
    },
    {
      "code" : "PW",
      "display" : "Palau"
    },
    {
      "code" : "RI",
      "display" : "Rhode Island"
    },
    {
      "code" : "SC",
      "display" : "South Carolina"
    },
    {
      "code" : "SD",
      "display" : "South Dakota"
    },
    {
      "code" : "TN",
      "display" : "Tennessee"
    },
    {
      "code" : "TX",
      "display" : "Texas"
    },
    {
      "code" : "UM",
      "display" : "U.S. Minor Outlying Islands"
    },
    {
      "code" : "UT",
      "display" : "Utah"
    },
    {
      "code" : "VA",
      "display" : "Virginia"
    },
    {
      "code" : "VI",
      "display" : "Virgin Islands of the U.S."
    },
    {
      "code" : "VT",
      "display" : "Vermont"
    },
    {
      "code" : "WA",
      "display" : "Washington"
    },
    {
      "code" : "WI",
      "display" : "Wisconsin"
    },
    {
      "code" : "WV",
      "display" : "West Virginia"
    },
    {
      "code" : "WY",
      "display" : "Wyoming"
    }
  ]
}

CodeSystem "nucc-provider-taxonomy" Version "1"

Tags: (no tags)  +

This Resource , XML or JSON representation, or the full version history.. provenance for this resource
Updated: by

Generated Narrative with Details

id: nucc-provider-taxonomy

url: http://nucc.org/provider-taxonomy

name: NUCC Provider Taxonomy

status: active

experimental: false

description: The Health Care Provider Taxonomy code is a unique alphanumeric code, ten characters in length. The code set is structured into three distinct 'Levels' including Provider Type, Classification, and Area of Specialization

copyright: See NUCC copyright statement

valueSet: http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/nucc-provider-taxonomy

hierarchyMeaning: classified-with

content: complete


{
  "resourceType" : "CodeSystem",
  "id" : "nucc-provider-taxonomy",
  "meta" : {
    "versionId" : "1",
    "lastUpdated" : "2018-11-09T01:53:41.530Z"
  },
  "text" : {
    "status" : "generated",
    "div" : "<div xmlns=\"http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml\"><p><b>Generated Narrative with Details</b></p><p><b>id</b>: nucc-provider-taxonomy</p><p><b>url</b>: <a href=\"http://nucc.org/provider-taxonomy\">http://nucc.org/provider-taxonomy</a></p><p><b>name</b>: NUCC Provider Taxonomy</p><p><b>status</b>: active</p><p><b>experimental</b>: false</p><p><b>description</b>: The Health Care Provider Taxonomy code is a unique alphanumeric code, ten characters in length. The code set is structured into three distinct 'Levels' including Provider Type, Classification, and Area of Specialization</p><p><b>copyright</b>: See NUCC copyright statement</p><p><b>valueSet</b>: <a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/nucc-provider-taxonomy\">http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/nucc-provider-taxonomy</a></p><p><b>hierarchyMeaning</b>: classified-with</p><p><b>content</b>: complete</p></div>"
  },
  "url" : "http://nucc.org/provider-taxonomy",
  "name" : "NUCC Provider Taxonomy",
  "status" : "active",
  "experimental" : false,
  "description" : "The Health Care Provider Taxonomy code is a unique alphanumeric code, ten characters in length. The code set is structured into three distinct 'Levels' including Provider Type, Classification, and Area of Specialization",
  "copyright" : "See NUCC copyright statement",
  "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/nucc-provider-taxonomy",
  "hierarchyMeaning" : "classified-with",
  "content" : "complete",
  "concept" : [
    {
      "code" : "base-1",
      "display" : "Behavioral Health & Social Service Providers",
      "concept" : [
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Sources: Abridged from definitions provided by the National Board of Certified Counselors and the American Association of Pastoral Counselors."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "101Y00000X",
          "display" : "Counselor",
          "definition" : "A provider who is trained and educated in the performance of behavior health services through interpersonal communications and analysis. Training and education at the specialty level usually requires a master�s degree and clinical experience and supervision for licensure or certification.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "code" : "101YA0400X",
              "display" : "Addiction (Substance Use Disorder)",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "101YM0800X",
              "display" : "Mental Health",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "101YP1600X",
              "display" : "Pastoral",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "101YP2500X",
              "display" : "Professional",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "101YS0200X",
              "display" : "School",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Registry of Psychoanalysts published by the National Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis [1/1/2007: new; 7/1/2007: definition changed, source changed]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "102L00000X",
          "display" : "Psychoanalyst",
          "definition" : "Psychoanalysis is a comprehensive, theoretical framework which, when applied to a treatment process, consists of an intensive verbal, therapeutic relationship between an analyst and an analysand which aims for symptom relief, emotional growth, and personal integration. The psychoanalytic treatment process includes, but is not limited to, the recognition of unconscious processes and conflicts; the significance of developmental influences; and the impact of resistances, defenses, transference and countertransference phenomena. Treatment is enhanced by an understanding developed in the analyst�s training and personal analysis of unconscious manifestations, such as dreams, slips of the tongue, fantasies and day dreams. Psychoanalytic technique varies in relation to theoretical orientation."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: The National Federation for Biblio/Poetry Therapy [7/1/2007: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "102X00000X",
          "display" : "Poetry Therapist",
          "definition" : "A medical or mental health professional who has attained credentials after satisfactorily completing a poetry therapy training program approved by the National Federation for Biblio/Poetry Therapy (NFBPT). Training includes didactic work, peer group experience, and supervised practicum. An NFBPT credentialed certified poetry therapist (CPT) or registered poetry therapist (PTR) integrates discussion of published literature and reflective or creative writing into the psychotherapeutic process to achieve goals of emotional well-being, symptom reduction, and improved interpersonal communication. Certified poetry therapists and registered poetry therapists are licensed mental health professionals with advanced training in the theory and practice of poetry therapy. CPTs and PTRs are qualified to work independently with emotionally troubled populations in clinical, rehabilitative, community and educational institutions. They also work with emotionally healthy individuals adjusting to developmental issues, life crises, or disabilities. The PTR completes an advanced level of training and fieldwork, commensurate with the highest levels of clinical practice. The terms poetry therapy, applied poetry facilitation, journal therapy, bibliotherapy, biblio/poetry therapy, and poetry/journal therapy reflect the interactive use of literature and/or writing to promote personal growth and emotional healing. In addition to poetry, poetry therapy applies all forms or written and spoken language including story, myth, folk and fairy tale and other genres of poetic expression as well as journal, memoir, and narrative. The poetry therapy process integrates discussion of published literature and reflective or creative writing for expression and communication of thoughts and feelings to facilitate participants' emotional well-being. The field of poetry therapy encompasses all of these modalities, though only a duly trained and licensed clinical practitioner can be credentialed as CPT or PTR."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, 1997. [1/1/2007: title modified]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "103G00000X",
          "display" : "Clinical Neuropsychologist",
          "definition" : "An individual with a doctorate degree, licensure in clinical psychology and specialized training or board certification in neuropsychology who practices or adheres to the principles of neuropsychology; a specialty within the field of psychology focusing primarily on neurobehavioral functioning.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "[1/1/2007: marked inactive, use 103G00000X]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "103GC0700X",
              "display" : "Clinical"
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Association of Professional Behavior Analysts, www.apbahome.net and Behavior Analyst Certification Board (http://www.bacb.com) [7/1/2008: new, 1/1/2016: modified definition]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "103K00000X",
          "display" : "Behavioral Analyst",
          "definition" : "A behavior analyst is qualified by at least a master�s degree and Behavior Analyst Certification Board certification and/or a state-issued credential (such as a license) to practice behavior analysis independently. Behavior analysts provide the required supervision to assistant behavior analysts and behavior technicians. A behavior analyst delivers services consistent with the dimensions of applied behavior analysis. Common services may include, but are not limited to, conducting behavioral assessments, analyzing data, writing and revising behavior-analytic treatment plans, training others to implement components of treatment plans, and overseeing implementation of treatment plans."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Psychological Association [1/1/2007: modified definition]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "103T00000X",
          "display" : "Psychologist",
          "definition" : "A psychologist is an individual who is licensed to practice psychology which is defined as the observation, description, evaluation, interpretation, and modification of human behavior by the application of psychological principles, methods, and procedures, for the purpose of preventing or eliminating symptomatic, maladaptive, or undesired behavior and of enhancing interpersonal relationships, work and life adjustment, personal effectiveness, behavioral health, and mental health. The practice of psychology includes, but is not limited to, psychological testing and the evaluation or assessment of personal characteristics, such as intelligence, personality, abilities, interests, aptitudes, and neuropsychological functioning; counseling, psychoanalysis, psychotherapy, hypnosis, biofeedback, and behavior analysis and therapy; diagnosis and treatment of mental and emotional disorder or disability, alcoholism and substance abuse, disorders of habit or conduct, as well as of the psychological aspects of physical illness, accident, injury, or disability; and psycheducational evaluation, therapy, remediation, and consultation. Psychological services may be rendered to individuals, families, groups and the public.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "code" : "103TA0400X",
              "display" : "Addiction (Substance Use Disorder)",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "103TA0700X",
              "display" : "Adult Development & Aging",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "[1/1/2007: title modified]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "103TB0200X",
              "display" : "Cognitive & Behavioral",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "103TC0700X",
              "display" : "Clinical",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "103TC1900X",
              "display" : "Counseling",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "[1/1/2007: title modified]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "103TC2200X",
              "display" : "Clinical Child & Adolescent",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "[1/1/2007: marked inactive]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "103TE1000X",
              "display" : "Educational"
            },
            {
              "code" : "103TE1100X",
              "display" : "Exercise & Sports",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "103TF0000X",
              "display" : "Family",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "103TF0200X",
              "display" : "Forensic",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Psychological Association Commission for the Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology, 2008. [1/1/2007: new, 7/1/2008: definiton added, source added]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "103TH0004X",
              "display" : "Health",
              "definition" : "The distinct focus of the clinical health psychologist is on physical health problems. A clinical health psychologist has special expertise or training in clinical health psychology <strong><i>and</strong> applies scientific knowledge of the interrelationships among behavioral, emotional, cognitive, social and biological components in health and disease to the promotion and maintenance of health; the prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of illness and disability; and the improvement of the health care system. Clinical health psychologists are dedicated to the development of knowledge regarding the interface between behavior and health, and to the delivery of high quality services based on that knowledge to individuals, families, and health care."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology website http://www.nationalregister.org/about_NR.html [7/1/2006: modified title, added definition]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "103TH0100X",
              "display" : "Health Service",
              "definition" : "A psychologist, certified/licensed at the independent practice level in his/her state, who is duly trained and experienced in the delivery of direct, preventative, assessment, and therapeutic intervention services to individuals whose growth, adjustment, or functioning is actually impaired or is demonstrably at high risk of impairment (1974)."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "[1/1/2007: marked inactive]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "103TM1700X",
              "display" : "Men & Masculinity"
            },
            {
              "code" : "103TM1800X",
              "display" : "Mental Retardation & Developmental Disabilities",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Louisiana Academy of Medical Psychologists Note: Some states issue licenses under Medical Psychologist. [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "103TP0016X",
              "display" : "Prescribing (Medical)",
              "definition" : "Those licensed psychologists who have completed specialized, post-doctoral training in psychopharmacology, passed a national proficiency examination in psychopharmacology, and who are authorized by state statute to prescribe medications, in accordance with their state law and state licensing authority, for the evaluation, diagnosis, management and treatment of mental, nervous, emotional, behavioral, and related disorders."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Sources: (1) Dorlands Illustrated Medical Dictionary, 28th Edition, W.B. Saunders Company: Philadelphia, 1994, p. 1382; (2)American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, 1997, and Rhea, Ott, and Shafritz, The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, New York: Facts On File Publications, 1988."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "103TP0814X",
              "display" : "Psychoanalysis",
              "definition" : "(1) A practitioner of psychoanalysis: methods of eliciting from patients their past emotional experiences and their role in influencing their current mental life, in order to discover the conflicts and mechanisms by which their pathologic mental state has been produced and to furnish hints for psychotherapeutic procedures, the method employs free association, recall and interpretation of dreams and interpretation of transference and resistance phenomena; (2) An individual who is educated with a doctor�s degree in psychoanalysis or psychology, trained at an established psychoanalytic institute, and practices or adheres to the principles of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is a form of psychotherapy and a system of investigation for determining and understanding mental processes, which was originally conceived by Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalysis involves the analysis and interpretation of dreams, resistances, and transferences, and uses free association and catharsis. Clinical practice requires licensure."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "[1/1/2007: marked inactive]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "103TP2700X",
              "display" : "Psychotherapy"
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "[1/1/2007: modified title]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "103TP2701X",
              "display" : "Group Psychotherapy",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "103TR0400X",
              "display" : "Rehabilitation",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "103TS0200X",
              "display" : "School",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "[1/1/2007: marked inactive]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "103TW0100X",
              "display" : "Women"
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: National Association of Social Workers, 2009 [7/1/2009: definition modified]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "104100000X",
          "display" : "Social Worker",
          "definition" : "A social worker is a person who is qualified by a Social Work degree, and licensed, certified or registered by the state as a social worker to practice within the scope of that license. A social worker provides assistance and counseling to clients and their families who are dealing with social, emotional and environmental problems. Social work services may be rendered to individuals, families, groups, and the public.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Association of Social Workers, 2008 [7/1/2009: definition modified]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1041C0700X",
              "display" : "Clinical",
              "definition" : "A social worker who holds a master�s or doctoral degree in social work from an accredited school of social work in addition to at least two years of post-master�s supervised experience in a clinical setting. The social worker must be licensed, certified, or registered at the clinical level in the jurisdiction of practice. A clinical social worker provides direct services, including interventions focused on interpersonal interactions, intrapsychic dynamics, and life management issues. Clinical social work services are based on bio-psychosocial perspectives. Services consist of assessment, diagnosis, treatment (including psychotherapy and counseling), client-centered advocacy, consultation, evaluation, and prevention of mental illness, emotional, or behavioral disturbances."
            },
            {
              "code" : "1041S0200X",
              "display" : "School",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Association of Professional Behavior Analysts, www.apbahome.net and Behavior Analyst Certification Board (http://www.bacb.com) [7/1/2016: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "106E00000X",
          "display" : "Assistant Behavior Analyst",
          "definition" : "An assistant behavior analyst is qualified by Behavior Analyst Certification Board certification and/or a state-issued license or credential in behavior analysis to practice under the supervision of an appropriately credentialed professional behavior analyst. An assistant behavior analyst delivers services consistent with the dimensions of applied behavior analysis and supervision requirements defined in state laws or regulations and/or national certification standards. Common services may include, but are not limited to, conducting behavioral assessments, analyzing data, writing behavior-analytic treatment plans, training and supervising others in implementation of components of treatment plans, and direct implementation of treatment plans."
        },
        {
          "code" : "106H00000X",
          "display" : "Marriage & Family Therapist",
          "definition" : "A marriage and family therapist is a person with a master's degree in marriage and family therapy, or a master's or doctoral degree in a related mental health field with substantially equivalent coursework in marriage and family therapy, who receives supervised clinical experience, or a person who meets the state requirements to practice as a marriage and family therapist. A marriage and family therapist treats mental and emotional disorders within the context of marriage and family systems. A marriage and family therapist provides mental health and counseling services to individuals, couples, families, and groups."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Association of Professional Behavior Analysts, www.apbahome.net and Behavior Analyst Certification Board (http://www.bacb.com) [7/1/2016: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "106S00000X",
          "display" : "Behavior Technician",
          "definition" : "The behavior technician is a paraprofessional who practices under the close, ongoing supervision of a behavior analyst or assistant behavior analyst certified by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board and/or credentialed by a state (such as through licensure). The behavior technician is primarily responsible for the implementation of components of behavior-analytic treatment plans developed by the supervisor. That may include collecting data on treatment targets and conducting certain types of behavioral assessments (e.g., stimulus preference assessments). The behavior technician does not design treatment or assessment plans or procedures but provides services as assigned by the supervisor responsible for his or her work."
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "code" : "base-2",
      "display" : "Chiropractic Providers",
      "concept" : [
        {
          "code" : "111N00000X",
          "display" : "Chiropractor",
          "definition" : "A provider qualified by a Doctor of Chiropractic (D.C.), licensed by the State and who practices chiropractic medicine -that discipline within the healing arts which deals with the nervous system and its relationship to the spinal column and its interrelationship with other body systems.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Independent Medical Examiners [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "111NI0013X",
              "display" : "Independent Medical Examiner",
              "definition" : "A special evaluator not involved with the medical care of the individual examinee that impartially evaluates the care being provided by other practitioners to clarify clinical, disability, liability or other case issues."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Chiropractic Association, 2008 [7/1/2009: definition added]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "111NI0900X",
              "display" : "Internist",
              "definition" : "The chiropractic internist may serve as a primary care physician or may see patients referred from other providers for evaluation and co-management. Evaluation is focused on the early detection of functional, nutritional, and pathological disorders. A chiropractic internist utilizes the diagnostic instruments necessary for proper examination. In cases where laboratory examination is necessary, a chiropractic internist utilizes a recognized reference laboratory facility. A chiropractic internist may manage his or her own cases or may refer to another specialist when prudent to do so. The chiropractic internist utilizes documented natural therapies, therapeutic lifestyle changes, patient education and other resources to promote patient health and avoidance of disease."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Chiropractic Neurology Board, 2008 & American Chiropractic Association, 2008 [7/1/2009: definition added]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "111NN0400X",
              "display" : "Neurology",
              "definition" : "Chiropractic Neurology is defined as the field of functional neurology that engages the internal - and external environment of the individual in a structured and targeted approach to affect positive changes in the nervous system and consequently the physiology and behavior of an individual. Chiropractic Neurologists are board-certified specialists in non-drug, non-surgical care for those with neurologically based health problems. There are many conditions people suffer from that are in this broad category: learning and attention disorders, headaches, vertigo, pain syndromes, developmental disorders, nerve injury, spinal cord injury, head injury or stroke, movement disorders, and many other conditions."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Chiropractic Association, 2008 [7/1/2009: definition added]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "111NN1001X",
              "display" : "Nutrition",
              "definition" : "Chiropractic Nutrition is that specialty within the chiropractic profession that deals with the overall factors that affect the patient's ability to maintain the manipulative correction and thus sustain better neurological integrity. The Chiropractic Nutrition Specialist will perform extensive research on the patient's previous health history, ethnicity, and any family history related to what the patient is being treated for. Patients fill out questionnaires concerning dietary and sleep patterns and previous or present symptomology. A nutrition examination would be performed to assess areas such as absorption rates, adrenal function, kidney health, lung health etc. The patient is often instructed on how to check the pH of their saliva and urine, test for the presence of Candida Albicans, etc., at home. Outside laboratory testing includes blood, urine, hair analysis, food allergy testing etc. The patient�s prescription and over the counter medications are recorded and analyzed."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Council on Chiropractic Pediatrics, American Chiropractic Association, 2007 [1/1/2008: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "111NP0017X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Chiropractor",
              "definition" : "The Pediatric Chiropractor is a chiropractor with specialized, advanced training and certification in the evaluation, care and management of health and wellness conditions of infancy, childhood and adolescence. This specialist provides primary, comprehensive, therapeutic and preventative chiropractic health care for newborns through adolescents."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Chiropractic Board of Radiology, 2009 [7/1/2009: definition added]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "111NR0200X",
              "display" : "Radiology",
              "definition" : "Chiropractic radiology is a referral specialty that provides consultation services at the request of other qualified doctors. Chiropractic radiologists provide consultation in health care facilities (private offices, hospitals and teaching institutions) to meet the needs of referring doctors and their patients. The quality of the consultative services by the chiropractic radiologist in independent practice is reflected by the quality of their professional credentials. Chiropractic radiologists recommend, supervise, and interpret radiologic studies as well as advanced imaging procedures. They advise referring physicians on the necessity and appropriateness of radiologic services and whether to select or to avoid certain diagnostic or clinical procedures. In some instances the radiologist may act as a private practitioner. They may conduct research and apply diagnostic radiologic procedures and may be called upon to act as expert witnesses in matters of litigation. Chiropractic radiologists are also concerned with imaging technology including image production, demonstration of normal and abnormal anatomy, and the interaction of energy and matter. The advances in the technological facets of radiology are so rapid that only qualified radiologists can reasonably be expected to maintain the high level of proficiency required to supervise and interpret these procedures. The practice of radiology continuously involves the application of this technology to patient imaging and treatment. It is now well recognized that chiropractic radiology includes, but is not limited to, plain film radiography, fluoroscopy, tomography, ultrasonography, radioisotope imaging, computed tomography, digital radiography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Individual practices may vary by intent, licensure, and scope of practice laws."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: The American Chiropractic Association (ACA) and the ACA Council on Physiological Therapeutics [7/1/2006: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "111NR0400X",
              "display" : "Rehabilitation",
              "definition" : "Rehabilitation is the discipline focused on restoring a patient's functional abilities to pre-injury or pre-disease status. Functional abilities are defined as those activities in one's daily life, work, or sports and recreational activities that an individual participates in. Relevant impairments (e.g. strength, endurance, flexibility, motor control, etc.) are often intermediate goals of rehabilitation, but the final goal of successful care is return to participation in activities in which the patient was successful before the onset of the injury or disease. Essential to a rehabilitation approach is a focus on patient-centered outcomes such as independence and self-management or self-care skills."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Chiropractic Board of Sports Physicians, 2009 [7/1/2009: definition added]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "111NS0005X",
              "display" : "Sports Physician",
              "definition" : "A sports chiropractor is uniquely trained to provide care and treatment of injuries or illness resulting from sports and physical fitness activities. Doctors of Chiropractic with the Diplomate American Chiropractic Board of Sports Physicians (DACBSP) or the Certified Chiropractic Sports Physician (CCSP), sport specialty certifications from the American Chiropractic Board of Sports Physicians, have advanced training in the assessment, management and rehabilitation of sports related injuries. Extremity care, rehabilitation and soft tissue procedures are common skills utilized by these doctors. The specialty training covers a broad spectrum from the pediatric athlete to professional and Olympic athletes, and everything in between, using a variety of techniques and modalities."
            },
            {
              "code" : "111NT0100X",
              "display" : "Thermography",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Chiropractic Association, 2008 [7/1/2009: title modified, definition added]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "111NX0100X",
              "display" : "Occupational Health",
              "definition" : "Occupational Health is that specialty within the chiropractic profession that deals with the prevention and management of work related injuries. It also considers and assists clients with State and Federal Compliance assistance. Occupational Health goes much farther than simply treating injured workers however. This may mean working with clients to promote optimum safety and ergonomic principles, interacting with the injured worker to promote safety and prevent future injuries, assisting a company with accident investigation to identify root cause, redesigning a workstation to eliminate hazards, working with safety teams, providing training programs etc. The list of potential services that the specialist can interact with a client company or patient is lengthy and varied involving both in office services as well as on site services."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Chiropractic Association, 2008 [7/1/2009: definition added]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "111NX0800X",
              "display" : "Orthopedic",
              "definition" : "Chiropractic Orthopedics is defined as that branch of chiropractic medicine that includes the continued acquisition of knowledge relative to both normal functions and diseases of the human body as they relate to the bones, joints, capsules, discs, muscles, ligaments, tendons, their complete neurological and vascular components, referred organ systems and contiguous tissues. This also includes the development and perfection of skills relative to health maintenance when such exists and when not, the investigations, historical review, physical detection, correlative diagnosis development and complete management of any disorder within the bounds defined herein. Also necessary is the delivery of the combined knowledge and skill on a primary basis to patients who both need and desire this service to the eventual outcome of remissions, whenever resolution is not readily achievable. In addition the certified chiropractic orthopedist provides consultation services at the request of other qualified doctors seeking assistance in the care of their patients. The chiropractic orthopedist may also engage in the teaching and or research of subjects and materials relevant to pursuing the quest for knowledge in the ever changing field of the orthopedic specialty."
            }
          ]
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "code" : "base-3",
      "display" : "Dental Providers",
      "concept" : [
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Council on Dental Education and Licensure, American Dental Association"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "122300000X",
          "display" : "Dentist",
          "definition" : "A dentist is a person qualified by a doctorate in dental surgery (D.D.S.) or dental medicine (D.M.D.), licensed by the state to practice dentistry, and practicing within the scope of that license. There is no difference between the two degrees: dentists who have a DMD or DDS have the same education. Universities have the prerogative to determine what degree is awarded. Both degrees use the same curriculum requirements set by the American Dental Association's Commission on Dental Accreditation. Generally, three or more years of undergraduate education plus four years of dental school is required to graduate and become a general dentist. State licensing boards accept either degree as equivalent, and both degrees allow licensed individuals to practice the same scope of general dentistry. Additional post-graduate training is required to become a dental specialist.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Council on Dental Education and Licensure, American Dental Association"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1223D0001X",
              "display" : "Dental Public Health",
              "definition" : "The science and art of preventing and controlling dental diseases and promoting dental health through organized community efforts. It is that form of dental practice that serves the community as a patient rather than the individual. It is concerned with the dental health education of the public, with applied dental research, and with the administration of group dental care programs as well as the prevention and control of dental diseases on a community basis."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: The American Society of Dentist Anesthesiologists [1/1/2013: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1223D0004X",
              "display" : "Dentist Anesthesiologist",
              "definition" : "A dentist who has successfully completed an accredited postdoctoral anesthesiology residency training program for dentists of two or more years duration, in accord with Commission on Dental Accreditation�s Standards for Dental Anesthesiology Residency Programs, and/or meets the eligibility requirements for examination by the American Dental Board of Anesthesiology."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Council on Dental Education and Licensure, American Dental Association"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1223E0200X",
              "display" : "Endodontics",
              "definition" : "The branch of dentistry that is concerned with the morphology, physiology and pathology of the human dental pulp and periradicular tissues. Its study and practice encompass the basic and clinical sciences including biology of the normal pulp, the etiology, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases and injuries of the pulp and associated periradicular conditions."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Academy of General Dentistry"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1223G0001X",
              "display" : "General Practice",
              "definition" : "A general dentist is the primary dental care provider for patients of all ages. The general dentist is responsible for the diagnosis, treatment, management and overall coordination of services related to patients' oral health needs."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Council on Dental Education and Licensure, American Dental Association"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1223P0106X",
              "display" : "Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology",
              "definition" : "The specialty of dentistry and discipline of pathology that deals with the nature, identification, and management of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions. It is a science that investigates the causes, processes, and effects of these diseases. The practice of oral and maxillofacial pathology includes research and diagnosis of diseases using clinical, radiographic, microscopic, biochemical, or other examinations."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Council on Dental Education and Licensure, American Dental Association"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1223P0221X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Dentistry",
              "definition" : "An age-defined specialty that provides both primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, including those with special health care needs."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Council on Dental Education and Licensure, American Dental Association"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1223P0300X",
              "display" : "Periodontics",
              "definition" : "That specialty of dentistry which encompasses the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth or their substitutes and the maintenance of the health, function and esthetics of these structures and tissues."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Council on Dental Education and Licensure, American Dental Association"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1223P0700X",
              "display" : "Prosthodontics",
              "definition" : "That branch of dentistry pertaining to the restoration and maintenance of oral functions, comfort, appearance and health of the patient by the restoration of natural teeth and/or the replacement of missing teeth and contiguous oral and maxillofacial tissues with artificial substitutes."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Council on Dental Education and Licensure, American Dental Association"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1223S0112X",
              "display" : "Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery",
              "definition" : "The specialty of dentistry which includes the diagnosis, surgical and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Council on Dental Education and Licensure, American Dental Association"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1223X0008X",
              "display" : "Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology",
              "definition" : "The specialty of dentistry and discipline of radiology concerned with the production and interpretation of images and data produced by all modalities of radiant energy that are used for the diagnosis and management of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral and maxillofacial region."
            },
            {
              "code" : "1223X0400X",
              "display" : "Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics",
              "definition" : "That area of dentistry concerned with the supervision, guidance and correction of the growing or mature dentofacial structures, including those conditions that require movement of teeth or correction of malrelationships and malformations of their related structures and the adjustment of relationships between and among teeth and facial bones by the application of forces and/or the stimulation and redirection of functional forces within the craniofacial complex. Major responsibilities of orthodontic practice include the diagnosis, prevention, interception and treatment of all forms of malocclusion of the teeth and associated alterations in their surrounding structures; the design, application and control of functional and corrective appliances; and the guidance of the dentition and its supporting structures to attain and maintain optimum occlusal relations in physiologic and esthetic harmony among facial and cranial structures."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "code" : "122400000X",
          "display" : "Denturist",
          "definition" : "Definition to come."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Comprehensive Policy Statement on Dental Auxiliaries, American Dental Association."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "124Q00000X",
          "display" : "Dental Hygienist",
          "definition" : "An individual who has completed an accredited dental hygiene education program, and an individual who has been licensed by a state board of dental examiners to provide preventive care services under the supervision of a dentist. Functions that may be legally delegated to the dental hygienist vary based on the needs of the dentist, the educational preparation of the dental hygienist and state dental practice acts and regulations, but always include, at a minimum, scaling and polishing the teeth. To avoid misleading the public, no occupational title other than dental hygienist should be used to describe this dental auxiliary."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Summarized from Minnesota Statute 150A.105. [7/1/2012: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "125J00000X",
          "display" : "Dental Therapist",
          "definition" : "A Dental Therapist is an individual who has completed an accredited or non-accredited dental therapy program and who has been authorized by the relevant state board or a tribal entity to provide services within the scope of their practice under the supervision of a dentist. Functions that may be delegated to the dental therapist vary based on the needs of the dentist, the educational preparation of the dental therapist and state dental practice acts and regulations."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Summarized from Minnesota Statute 150A.106. [7/1/2012: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "125K00000X",
          "display" : "Advanced Practice Dental Therapist",
          "definition" : "An Advanced Practice Dental Therapist is:<br/>(1) A dental therapist who has completed additional training beyond basic dental therapy education and provides dental services in accordance with state advanced practice dental therapist laws or statutes; or<br/>(2) A dental hygienist with a graduate degree in advanced dental therapy prepared for independent and interdependent decision making and direct accountability for clinical judgment across the dental health care continuum.<br/><br/>The individual has been authorized by the relevant state board or a tribal entity to provide services under the remote supervision of a dentist. The functions of the advanced practice dental therapist vary based on the needs of the dentist, the educational preparation of the advanced practice dental therapist and state dental practice acts and regulations."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee [1/1/2015: new] Additional Resources: American Academy of Oral Medicine"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "125Q00000X",
          "display" : "Oral Medicinist",
          "definition" : "A dentist with advanced training specializing in the recognition and treatment of oral conditions resulting from the interrelationship between oral disease and systemic health. The Oral Medicinist manages clinical and non-surgical treatment of non-dental pathologies affecting the oral and maxillofacial region, such as cancer, organ transplants, and acute and chronic pain. Activities include provision of interdisciplinary patient care in collaboration with medical specialists and other dentists in hospitals and outpatient medical clinics in the management of patients with complex medical conditions requiring multidisciplinary healthcare intervention."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Comprehensive Policy Statement on Dental Auxiliaries, American Dental Association"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "126800000X",
          "display" : "Dental Assistant",
          "definition" : "An individual who may or may not have completed an accredited dental assisting education program and who aids the dentist in providing patient care services and performs other nonclinical duties in the dental office or other patient care facility. The scope of the patient care functions that may be legally delegated to the dental assistant varies based on the needs of the dentist the educational preparation of the dental assistant and state dental practice acts and regulations. Patient care services are provided under the supervision of a dentist. To avoid misleading the public, no occupational title other than dental assistant should be used to describe this dental auxiliary."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Comprehensive Policy Statement on Dental Auxiliaries, American Dental Association."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "126900000X",
          "display" : "Dental Laboratory Technician",
          "definition" : "An individual who has the skill and knowledge in the fabrication of dental appliances, prostheses and devices in accordance with a dentist's laboratory work authorization. To avoid misleading the public, no occupational title other than dental laboratory technician or certified dental technician (when appropriate) should be used to describe this auxiliary."
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "code" : "base-4",
      "display" : "Dietary & Nutritional Service Providers",
      "concept" : [
        {
          "code" : "132700000X",
          "display" : "Dietary Manager",
          "definition" : "A dietary manager is a trained food services professional who is charged with maintaining cost/profit objectives, purchasing foods and services for the department and supervising staff.. Dietary managers are trained to understand the basic nutritional needs of clients and work in partnership with dietitians, who offer specialized nutritional expertise. The CDM certified dietary manager designation is an advanced professional credential awarded to dietary managers who have completed specific course work, have passed the national credentialing exams (including a sanitation and safety exam) and have applied for certification."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: (1) Rhea, Ott, and Shafritz, The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, New York: Facts On File Publications, 1988."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "133N00000X",
          "display" : "Nutritionist",
          "definition" : "A specialist in adapting and applying food and nutrient knowledge to the solution of food and nutritional problems, the control of disease, and the promotion of health. Nutritionists perform research, instruct groups and individuals about nutritional requirements, and assist people in developing meal patterns that meet their nutritional needs; (2) A nutritionist is someone who has completed undergraduate and/or graduate training in the discipline of nutrition without necessarily meeting the academic and experience requirements to qualify for the Registered Dietitian designation.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "code" : "133NN1002X",
              "display" : "Nutrition, Education",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: The American Dietetic Association. Becoming a Registered Dietitian � a food and nutrition expert. Chicago, IL: The American Dietetic Association, July 1997."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "133V00000X",
          "display" : "Dietitian, Registered",
          "definition" : "A registered dietician (RD) is a food and nutrition expert who has successfully completed a minimum of a bachelor�s degree at a US regionally accredited university or college and course work approved by The American Dietetic Association (ADA); an ADA-accredited or approved, supervised practice program, typically 6 to 12 months in length; a national examination administered by the Commission on Dietetic Registration; and continuing professional educational requirements to maintain registration.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "code" : "133VN1004X",
              "display" : "Nutrition, Pediatric",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "133VN1005X",
              "display" : "Nutrition, Renal",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "133VN1006X",
              "display" : "Nutrition, Metabolic",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: The American Dietetic Association. Becoming a Dietetic Technician, Registered -- a food and nutrition practitioner. Chicago, IL: The American dietetic association, July 1997."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "136A00000X",
          "display" : "Dietetic Technician, Registered",
          "definition" : "A person trained in food and nutrition who is an integral part of health care and foodservice management teams. A dietetic technician, registered (DTR) has successfully completed at least a two-year associate�s degree at a US regionally accredited college or university; a dietetic technician program approved by The American Dietetic Association, including 450 hours of supervised practice experience; a national examination administered by the Commission on Dietetic Registration; and continuing professional educational requirements to maintain registration."
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "code" : "base-5",
      "display" : "Emergency Medical Service Providers",
      "concept" : [
        {
          "code" : "146D00000X",
          "display" : "Personal Emergency Response Attendant",
          "definition" : "Individuals that are specially trained to assist patients living at home with urgent/emergent situations. These individuals must be able to perform CPR and basic first aid and have sufficient counseling skills to allay fears and assist in working through processes necessary to resolve the crisis. Functions may include transportation to various facilities and businesses, contacting agencies to initiate remediation service or providing reassurance."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Sources: Tabers Medical Dictionary and Florida EMS Clearing House."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "146L00000X",
          "display" : "Emergency Medical Technician, Paramedic",
          "definition" : "An EMT, Paramedic is an individual trained and certified to perform advanced life support (ALS) in medical emergencies based on individual state boards."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Sources: Tabers Medical Dictionary and Florida EMS Clearing House."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "146M00000X",
          "display" : "Emergency Medical Technician, Intermediate",
          "definition" : "An Intermediate EMT is an individual trained and certified to perform intermediate life support treatment in medical emergencies based on individual state boards."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Sources: Tabers Medical Dictionary and Florida EMS Clearing House."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "146N00000X",
          "display" : "Emergency Medical Technician, Basic",
          "definition" : "A Basic EMT is an individual trained and certified to perform basic life support treatment in medical emergencies based on individual state boards."
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "code" : "base-6",
      "display" : "Eye and Vision Services Providers",
      "concept" : [
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Optometric Association (AOA), approved by the AOA�s Board of Trustees, June 21, 2005. [7/1/2006: definition modified]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "152W00000X",
          "display" : "Optometrist",
          "definition" : "Doctors of optometry (ODs) are the primary health care professionals for the eye. Optometrists examine, diagnose, treat, and manage diseases, injuries, and disorders of the visual system, the eye, and associated structures as well as identify related systemic conditions affecting the eye. An optometrist has completed pre-professional undergraduate education in a college or university and four years of professional education at a college of optometry, leading to the doctor of optometry (O.D.) degree. Some optometrists complete an optional residency in a specific area of practice. Optometrists are eye health care professionals state-licensed to diagnose and treat diseases and disorders of the eye and visual system.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Optometric Association [1/1/2009: added definition, added source]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "152WC0802X",
              "display" : "Corneal and Contact Management",
              "definition" : "The professional activities performed by an Optometrist related to the fitting of contact lenses to an eye, ongoing evaluation of the cornea�s ability to sustain successful contact lens wear, and treatment of any external eye or corneal condition which can affect contact lens wear."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Optometric Association [1/1/2009: added definition, added source]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "152WL0500X",
              "display" : "Low Vision Rehabilitation",
              "definition" : "Optometrists who specialize in low-vision care having training to assess visual function, prescribe low-vision devices, develop treatment plans, and recommend other vision rehabilitation services."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Optometric Association [1/1/2009: added definition, added source]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "152WP0200X",
              "display" : "Pediatrics",
              "definition" : "Optometrists who work in Pediatrics are concerned with the prevention, development, diagnosis, and treatment of visual problems in children."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Optometric Association [1/1/2009: added definition, added source]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "152WS0006X",
              "display" : "Sports Vision",
              "definition" : "An optometrist who offers services designed to care for unique vision care needs of athletes, which may include one of more of the following services: corrective vision care unique to a specific sporting environment; protective eyewear for the prevention of sports-related injuries; vision enhancement � which may include vision therapy and techniques to improve visual skills specific to the athlete�s sport."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Optometric Association [1/1/2009: added definition, added source]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "152WV0400X",
              "display" : "Vision Therapy",
              "definition" : "Optometrists who specialize in vision therapy as a treatment process used to improve vision function. It includes a broad range of developmental and rehabilitative treatment programs individually prescribed to remediate specific sensory, motor and/or visual perceptual dysfunctions."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Optometric Association [1/1/2009: added definition, added source]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "152WX0102X",
              "display" : "Occupational Vision",
              "definition" : "Optometrists who work in Occupational Vision, the branch of environmental optometry, consider all aspects of the relationship between work and vision, visual performances, eye safety, and health."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "code" : "156F00000X",
          "display" : "Technician/Technologist",
          "definition" : "A broad category grouping different kinds of technologists and technicians. See individual definitions.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Optometric Association [1/1/2009: added definition, added source]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "156FC0800X",
              "display" : "Contact Lens",
              "definition" : "An optician or other ancillary support staff person who, where authorized by state law and trained or certified to do so, may fit or dispense contact lenses to a patient based on the prescription of an optometrist or medical physician."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Optometric Association [1/1/2009: added definition, added source]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "156FC0801X",
              "display" : "Contact Lens Fitter",
              "definition" : "An optician or other ancillary support staff person who, where authorized by state law and trained or certified to do so, may fit or dispense contact lenses to a patient based on the prescription of an optometrist or medical physician."
            },
            {
              "code" : "156FX1100X",
              "display" : "Ophthalmic",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "156FX1101X",
              "display" : "Ophthalmic Assistant",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "156FX1201X",
              "display" : "Optometric Assistant",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "156FX1202X",
              "display" : "Optometric Technician",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "156FX1700X",
              "display" : "Ocularist",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "156FX1800X",
              "display" : "Optician",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "156FX1900X",
              "display" : "Orthoptist",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            }
          ]
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "code" : "base-7",
      "display" : "Nursing Service Providers",
      "concept" : [
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Sources: (2) American Nurses Association, American Nurses Credentialing Center, 1996 Certification Catalogue, and Rhea, Ott, and Shafritz, The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, New York: Facts On File Publications, 1988."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "163W00000X",
          "display" : "Registered Nurse",
          "definition" : "(1) A registered nurse is a person qualified by graduation from an accredited nursing school (depending upon schooling, a registered nurse may receive either a diploma from a hospital program, an associate degree in nursing (A.D.N.) or a Bachelor of Science degree in nursing (B.S.N.), who is licensed or certified by the state, and is practicing within the scope of that license or certification. R.N.�s assist patient in recovering and maintaining their physical or mental health. They assist physicians during treatments and examinations and administer medications. (2) A provider who is trained and educated in a formal nursing education program at an accredited school of nursing, passes a national certification examination, and is licensed by the state to practice nursing. The individual provides nursing services to patients or clients in areas such as health promotion, disease prevention, acute and chronic care and restoration and maintenance of health across the life span.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "code" : "163WA0400X",
              "display" : "Addiction (Substance Use Disorder)",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WA2000X",
              "display" : "Administrator",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WC0200X",
              "display" : "Critical Care Medicine",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WC0400X",
              "display" : "Case Management",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WC1400X",
              "display" : "College Health",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WC1500X",
              "display" : "Community Health",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WC1600X",
              "display" : "Continuing Education/Staff Development",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WC2100X",
              "display" : "Continence Care",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WC3500X",
              "display" : "Cardiac Rehabilitation",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WD0400X",
              "display" : "Diabetes Educator",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WD1100X",
              "display" : "Dialysis, Peritoneal",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WE0003X",
              "display" : "Emergency",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WE0900X",
              "display" : "Enterostomal Therapy",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WF0300X",
              "display" : "Flight",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WG0000X",
              "display" : "General Practice",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WG0100X",
              "display" : "Gastroenterology",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WG0600X",
              "display" : "Gerontology",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WH0200X",
              "display" : "Home Health",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WH0500X",
              "display" : "Hemodialysis",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WH1000X",
              "display" : "Hospice",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WI0500X",
              "display" : "Infusion Therapy",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WI0600X",
              "display" : "Infection Control",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WL0100X",
              "display" : "Lactation Consultant",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WM0102X",
              "display" : "Maternal Newborn",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WM0705X",
              "display" : "Medical-Surgical",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WM1400X",
              "display" : "Nurse Massage Therapist (NMT)",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WN0002X",
              "display" : "Neonatal Intensive Care",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WN0003X",
              "display" : "Neonatal, Low-Risk",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WN0300X",
              "display" : "Nephrology",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WN0800X",
              "display" : "Neuroscience",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WN1003X",
              "display" : "Nutrition Support",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WP0000X",
              "display" : "Pain Management",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WP0200X",
              "display" : "Pediatrics",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WP0218X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Oncology",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WP0807X",
              "display" : "Psych/Mental Health, Child & Adolescent",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WP0808X",
              "display" : "Psych/Mental Health",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WP0809X",
              "display" : "Psych/Mental Health, Adult",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WP1700X",
              "display" : "Perinatal",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WP2201X",
              "display" : "Ambulatory Care",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: AORN Official Statement on RNFAs ratified by the AORN House of Delegates in 2004. [7/1/2006: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "163WR0006X",
              "display" : "Registered Nurse First Assistant",
              "definition" : "A perioperative registered nurse who works in collaboration with the surgeon and other health care team members to achieve optimal outcomes. The RNFA has acquired the necessary knowledge, judgment, and skills specific to the expanded role of RNFA clinical practice. Intraoperatively, the RNFA assists the surgeon."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WR0400X",
              "display" : "Rehabilitation",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WR1000X",
              "display" : "Reproductive Endocrinology/Infertility",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WS0121X",
              "display" : "Plastic Surgery",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WS0200X",
              "display" : "School",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WU0100X",
              "display" : "Urology",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WW0000X",
              "display" : "Wound Care",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WW0101X",
              "display" : "Women's Health Care, Ambulatory",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WX0002X",
              "display" : "Obstetric, High-Risk",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WX0003X",
              "display" : "Obstetric, Inpatient",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WX0106X",
              "display" : "Occupational Health",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WX0200X",
              "display" : "Oncology",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WX0601X",
              "display" : "Otorhinolaryngology & Head-Neck",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WX0800X",
              "display" : "Orthopedic",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WX1100X",
              "display" : "Ophthalmic",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "163WX1500X",
              "display" : "Ostomy Care",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Rhea, Ott, and Shafritz, The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, New York: Facts On File Publications, 1988."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "164W00000X",
          "display" : "Licensed Practical Nurse",
          "definition" : "An individual with post-high school vocational training and practical experience in the provision of nursing care at a level less than that required for certification as a Registered Nurse. Requirements for education, experience, licensure, and job responsibilities vary among the states."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Rhea, Ott, and Shafritz, The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, New York: Facts On File Publications, 1988."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "164X00000X",
          "display" : "Licensed Vocational Nurse",
          "definition" : "An individual with post-high school vocational training and practical experience in the provision of nursing care at a level less than that required for certification as a Registered Nurse. [An alternate term for licensed practical nurse arising from difference in occupational titles between states and post-high school training programs and institutions.] Requirements for education, experience, licensure, and job responsibilities vary among the states."
        },
        {
          "code" : "167G00000X",
          "display" : "Licensed Psychiatric Technician",
          "definition" : "An individual licensed by the state board as a Psychiatric Technician based upon completion of a prescribed course of theory and clinical practice, with two thirds of the clinical practice time focused on mental and developmental disorders. The psychiatric technician practices under the direct supervision of a physician, psychologist, registered nurse or other professional to provide care to patients with mental disorders and developmental disabilities."
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "code" : "base-8",
      "display" : "Other Service Providers",
      "concept" : [
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "A general certificate was first issued by ABMS in 1982. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: None."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "170100000X",
          "display" : "Medical Genetics, Ph.D. Medical Genetics",
          "definition" : "A medical geneticist works in association with a medical specialist, is affiliated with a clinical genetics program, and serves as a consultant to medical and dental specialists."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: National Society of Genetic Counselors [7/1/2005: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "170300000X",
          "display" : "Genetic Counselor, MS",
          "definition" : "A masters trained health care provider who collects and interprets genetic family histories; assesses the risk of disease occurrence or recurrence; identifies interventions to manage or ameliorate disease risk; educates about inheritance, testing, management, prevention, ethical issues, resources, and research; and counsels to promote informed choices and adaptation. Certification was established in 1993 by the American Board of Genetic Counseling and prior to that by the American Board of Medical Genetics. Requirements for experience, licensure, and job responsibilities vary among the states."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "[7/1/2005: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "171000000X",
          "display" : "Military Health Care Provider",
          "definition" : "Active duty military health care providers not otherwise classified who need to be separately identified for operational, clinical, or administrative processes.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Department of the Navy [7/1/2005: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1710I1002X",
              "display" : "Independent Duty Corpsman",
              "definition" : "A Navy Independent Duty Corpsman (IDC) is an active duty Sailor who has successfully completed one of the Navy's specific IDC training programs. IDCs are formally trained and educated to perform primary medical care and minor surgical services in a variety of health care and non-health care settings worldwide under indirect physician supervision. IDCs provide care to Department of Defense operational forces and other supporting forces such as contractors and foreign nationals."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Air Force Surgeon General Office [7/1/2005: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1710I1003X",
              "display" : "Independent Duty Medical Technicians",
              "definition" : "An Independent Duty Medical Technician (IDMT) is specially trained and educated to perform primary medical care, minor surgical services, and treatment of dental disorders for active duty military members in a variety of health care and non-health care settings worldwide under direct and indirect physician supervision. An IDMT may take medical histories, perform physical exams, order lab tests and x-rays, prescribe medications, and give immunizations. IDMTs work under the direct supervision of a physician preceptor when at home station and indirectly when assigned to a Mobile Aid Station, Mobile Medical Unit, remote site, or otherwise deployed specifically as an IDMT. An IDMT may be an experienced Aerospace Medical Service Technician who meets special task qualifications and is recommended for training by the Aerospace Medical Service Functional Manager at their Medical Treatment Facility. IDMTs maintain certification as Nationally Registered Emergency Medical Technicians and as Immunization Back-up Technicians."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "code" : "171100000X",
          "display" : "Acupuncturist",
          "definition" : "An acupuncturist is a person who performs ancient therapy for alleviation of pain, anesthesia and treatment of some diseases. Acupuncturists use long, fine needles inserted into specific points in order to treat painful conditions or produce anesthesia."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: CMS State Medicaid Manual Section 4442.3 [7/1/2006: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "171M00000X",
          "display" : "Case Manager/Care Coordinator",
          "definition" : "A person who provides case management services and assists an individual in gaining access to needed medical, social, educational, and/or other services. The person has the ability to provide an assessment and review of completed plan of care on a periodic basis. This person is also able to take collaborative action to coordinate the services with other providers and monitor the enrollee�s progress toward the cost-effective achievement of objectives specified in the plan of care. Credentials may vary from an experience in the fields of psychology, social work, rehabilitation, nursing or a closely related human service field, to a related Assoc of Arts Degree or to nursing credentials. Some states may require certification in case management."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: National Medicaid EDI HIPAA NPI Sub Work Group [7/1/2006: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "171R00000X",
          "display" : "Interpreter",
          "definition" : "An Interpreter is a person who translates oral communication between two or more people. This includes translating from one language to another or interpreting sign language. An interpreter is necessary for medical care when the patient does not speak the language of the health care provider or when the patient has a disability involving spoken language."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Websters New World Dictionary of the American Language, Second College Edition, William Collins + World Publishing Co., Inc., New York: 1974, p. 308"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "171W00000X",
          "display" : "Contractor",
          "definition" : "A person who contracts to supply certain materials or do certain work for a stipulated sum; esp., one whose business is contracting work in any of the building trades. For purposes of the taxonomy, a person who contracts to complete home repairs or modifications to accommodate a health condition (e.g. wheelchair ramp, kitchen counter lowering).",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "code" : "171WH0202X",
              "display" : "Home Modifications",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "171WV0202X",
              "display" : "Vehicle Modifications",
              "definition" : "A contractor who makes modifications to private vehicles to accommodate a health condition."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "code" : "172A00000X",
          "display" : "Driver",
          "definition" : "A person employed to operate a motor vehicle as a carrier of persons or property."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Summarized from Ohio Revised Code 4731.15 [1/1/2007: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "172M00000X",
          "display" : "Mechanotherapist",
          "definition" : "A practitioner of mechanotherapy examines patients by verbal inquiry, examination of the musculoskeletal system by hand, and visual inspection and observation. In the treatment of patients, mechanotherapists employ the techniques of advised or supervised exercise; electrical neuromuscular stimulation; massage or manipulation; or air, water, heat, cold, sound, or infrared ray therapy."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee [1/1/2007: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "172P00000X",
          "display" : "Naprapath",
          "definition" : "Naprapathy means a branch of medicine that focuses on the evaluation and treatment of neuron-muscular conditions. Doctors of naprapathy are connective tissue specialists. Education and training are defined through individual states� licensing/certification requirements."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Health Resources and Services Administration, US Department of Health and Human Services � National Workforce Study on Community Health Workers, March, 2007. [7/1/2007: new] http://bhpr.hrsa.gov/healthworkforce/chw/"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "172V00000X",
          "display" : "Community Health Worker",
          "definition" : "Community health workers (CHW) are lay members of communities who work either for pay or as volunteers in association with the local health care system in both urban and rural environments and usually share ethnicity, language, socioeconomic status and life experiences with the community members they serve. They have been identified by many titles such as community health advisors, lay health advocates, promotores(as), outreach educators, community health representatives, peer health promoters, and peer health educators. CHWs offer interpretation and translation services, provide culturally appropriate health education and information, assist people in receiving the care they need, give informal counseling and guidance on health behaviors, advocate for individual and community health needs, and provide some direct services such as first aid and blood pressure screening. Some examples of these practitioners are Community Health Aides or Practitioners established under 25 USC �1616 (l) under HHS, Indian Health Service, Public Health Service."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Rhea, Ott, and Shafritz, The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, New York: Facts On File Publications, 1988."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "173000000X",
          "display" : "Legal Medicine",
          "definition" : "The specialty areas of medicine concerned with matters of, and relations with, substantive law and legal institutions; such as the conduct of medical examinations at crime scenes, performance of autopsies, giving of expert medical testimony in judicial proceedings, medical treatment of inmates of penal institutions, the practice of trauma medicine in law enforcement settings, and other clinical practice and medical science applications in the fields of law, law enforcement, and corrections."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee (based on the American Reflexology Certification Board definition of Reflexology), 2007 [1/1/2008: new] Additional Resources: Foot and hand reflexology is a scientific art based on the premise that there are zones and reflex areas in the feet and hands which correspond to all body parts. The physical act of applying specific pressures using thumb, finger and hand techniques result in stress reduction which causes a physiological change in the body. Reflexology is a non-invasive, complementary modality involving thumb and finger techniques to apply alternating pressure to reflexes shown on reflex maps of the body located on the feet, hands, and outer ears. American Reflexology Certification Board, www.arcb.net/definiti.htm; Reflexology Association of America, www.reflexology-usa.org/standards.html"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "173C00000X",
          "display" : "Reflexologist",
          "definition" : "Reflexologists perform a non-invasive complementary modality involving thumb and finger techniques to apply alternating pressure to the reflexes within the reflex maps of the body located on the feet, hands, and outer ears. Reflexologists apply pressure to specific areas (feet, hands, and ears) to promote a response from an area far removed from the tissue stimulated via the nervous system and acupuncture meridians. Reflexologists are recommended to complete a minimum of 200 hours of education, typically including anatomy & physiology, Reflexology theory, body systems, zones, meridians & relaxation response, ethics, business standards, and supervised practicum."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee (based on American Board of Sleep Medicine), 2007 [1/1/2008: new] Additional resources: www.absm.org"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "173F00000X",
          "display" : "Sleep Specialist, PhD",
          "definition" : "Sleep medicine is a clinical specialty with a focus on clinical problems that require accurate diagnosis and treatment. The knowledge base of sleep medicine is derived from many disciplines including neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, respiratory physiology, pharmacology, psychology, psychiatry, neurology, general internal medicine, pulmonary medicine, and pediatrics as well as others."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: SD DSS Non-Emergency Medical Transportation program Transportation Services [7/1/2010: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "174200000X",
          "display" : "Meals",
          "definition" : "A public or privately owned facility providing meals to individuals traveling long distances or receiving prolonged outpatient medical services away from home."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Expanded from Webster�s II New Riverside University Dictionary, Boston: Riverside Publishing Company, 1974."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "174400000X",
          "display" : "Specialist",
          "definition" : "An individual educated and trained in an applied knowledge discipline used in the performance of work at a level requiring knowledge and skills beyond or apart from that provided by a general education or liberal arts degree.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "code" : "1744G0900X",
              "display" : "Graphics Designer",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "1744P3200X",
              "display" : "Prosthetics Case Management",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "1744R1102X",
              "display" : "Research Study",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "1744R1103X",
              "display" : "Research Data Abstracter/Coder",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [7/1/2009: definition added]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "174H00000X",
          "display" : "Health Educator",
          "definition" : "Health educators work in a variety of settings providing education to individuals or groups of individuals on healthy behaviors, wellness, and health-related topics with the goal of preventing diseases and health problems. Health educators generally require a bachelor�s degree and may receive additional training, such as through mentoring, internships, or volunteer work."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Dorland�s Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 28th edition. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1994, p. 1823"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "174M00000X",
          "display" : "Veterinarian",
          "definition" : "A doctor of veterinary medicine, trained and authorized to practice veterinarian medicine and surgery.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "code" : "174MM1900X",
              "display" : "Medical Research",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee [1/1/2011: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "174N00000X",
          "display" : "Lactation Consultant, Non-RN",
          "definition" : "An individual trained to provide breastfeeding assistance services to both mothers and infants. Lactation Consultants are not required to be nurses and are trained through specific courses of education. The Lactation Consultant may have additional certification through a national or international organization."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee [1/1/2011: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "174V00000X",
          "display" : "Clinical Ethicist",
          "definition" : "A clinical ethicist has been trained in bioethics and ethics case consultation. The clinical ethicist addresses medical-ethical dilemmas arising in clinical practice, such as end-of-life care, refusal of treatment, and futility of care; assists patients and health care providers with medical decision-making; and provides ethics education for patients and families."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: The Federal Dictionary of Occupational Titles, U.S. Department of Labor, Washington, D.C., section #079, 101-014 [7/1/2007: definition changed, source added]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "175F00000X",
          "display" : "Naturopath",
          "definition" : "Diagnoses, treats, and cares for patients, using system of practice that bases treatment of physiological functions and abnormal conditions on natural laws governing human body: Utilizes physiological, psychological, and mechanical methods, such as air, water, light, heat, earth, phototherapy, food and herb therapy, psychotherapy, electrotherapy, physiotherapy, minor and orificial surgery, mechanotherapy, naturopathic corrections and manipulation, and natural methods or modalities, together with natural medicines, natural processed foods, and herbs and nature's remedies. Excludes major surgery, therapeutic use of x ray and radium, and use of drugs, except those assimilable substances containing elements or compounds which are components of body tissues and are physiologically compatible to body processes for maintenance of life."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Dorland�s Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 26th edition. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1981."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "175L00000X",
          "display" : "Homeopath",
          "definition" : "A provider who is educated and trained in a system of therapeutics in which diseases are treated by drugs which are capable of producing in healthy persons symptoms like those of the disease to be treated. Treatment requires administering a drug in minute doses."
        },
        {
          "code" : "175M00000X",
          "display" : "Midwife, Lay",
          "definition" : "A person qualified by experience and limited specialized training to provide obstetric and neo-natal care in the management of women having normal pregnancy, labor and childbirth. The lay midwife is licensed in some states."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee [7/1/2014: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "175T00000X",
          "display" : "Peer Specialist",
          "definition" : "Individuals certified to perform peer support services through a training process defined by a government agency, such as the Department of Veterans Affairs or a state mental health department/certification/licensing authority."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: The National Uniform Claim Committee [7/1/2007: title changed, definition changed, source changed]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "176B00000X",
          "display" : "Midwife",
          "definition" : "A Midwife is a trained professional with special expertise in supporting women to maintain a healthy pregnancy birth, offering expert individualized care, education, counseling, and support to a woman and her newborn throughout the childbearing cycle. A Midwife is a skilled and independent practitioner who has undergone formalized training. Midwives are not required to be nurses and may be trained via multiple routes of education (apprenticeship, workshop, formal classes, or programs, etc., usually a combination). The educational background requirements and licensing requirements vary by state. The Midwife may or may not be certified by a state or national organization."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, Oakbrook Terrace, IL: 1994, p. 323"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "176P00000X",
          "display" : "Funeral Director",
          "definition" : "A person, usually an embalmer, whose business is to arrange for the burial or cremation of the dead and to assist at the funeral rites."
        },
        {
          "code" : "177F00000X",
          "display" : "Lodging",
          "definition" : "A public or privately owned facility providing overnight lodging to individuals traveling long distances or receiving prolonged outpatient medical services away from home."
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "code" : "base-9",
      "display" : "Pharmacy Service Providers",
      "concept" : [
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Adapted from National Association of Boards of Pharmacy Model State Pharmacy Act, Article 1, Section 104. [1/1/2006: definition modified, source modified]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "183500000X",
          "display" : "Pharmacist",
          "definition" : "An individual licensed by the appropriate state regulatory agency to engage in the practice of pharmacy. The practice of pharmacy includes, but is not limited to, assessment, interpretation, evaluation, and implementation, initiation, monitoring or modification of medication and or medical orders; the compounding or dispensing of medication and or medical orders; participation in drug and device procurement, storage, and selection; drug administration; drug regimen reviews; drug or drug-related research; provision of patient education and the provision of those acts or services necessary to provide medication therapy management services in all areas of patient care.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Board of Pharmacy Specialties, www.bpsweb.org [1/1/2016: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1835C0205X",
              "display" : "Critical Care",
              "definition" : "A licensed pharmacist who has demonstrated specialized knowledge and skill in the delivery of patient care services by pharmacists, as integral members of interprofessional teams, working to ensure the safe and effective use of medications in critically ill patients."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "[1/1/2006: marked inactive, use value 183500000X]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1835G0000X",
              "display" : "General Practice"
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Commission for Certification in Geriatric Pharmacy (www.ccgp.org) [7/1/2006: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1835G0303X",
              "display" : "Geriatric",
              "definition" : "A pharmacist who is certified in geriatric pharmacy practice is designated as a �Certified Geriatric Pharmacist� (CGP). To become certified, candidates are expected to be knowledgeable about principles of geriatric pharmacotherapy and the provision of pharmaceutical care to the elderly."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Specialty certification and recertification program administered by Board of Pharmaceutical Specialties, www.bpsweb.org [7/1/2006: modified title, added definition]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1835N0905X",
              "display" : "Nuclear",
              "definition" : "A licensed pharmacist who has demonstrated specialized knowledge and skill in procurement, compounding, quality control testing, dispensing, distribution, and monitoring of radiopharmaceuticals."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Specialty certification and recertification program administered by Board of Pharmaceutical Specialties, www.bpsweb.org [7/1/2006: definition modified]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1835N1003X",
              "display" : "Nutrition Support",
              "definition" : "A licensed pharmacist who has demonstrated specialized knowledge and skill in maintenance and/or restoration of optimal nutritional status, designing and modifying treatment according to patient needs."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2007 [1/1/2008: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1835P0018X",
              "display" : "Pharmacist Clinician (PhC)/ Clinical Pharmacy Specialist",
              "definition" : "Pharmacist Clinician/Clinical Pharmacy Specialist is a pharmacist with additional training and an expanded scope of practice that may include prescriptive authority, therapeutic management, and disease management."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Board of Pharmacy Specialties, www.bpsweb.org [1/1/2016: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1835P0200X",
              "display" : "Pediatrics",
              "definition" : "A licensed pharmacist who has demonstrated specialized knowledge and skill in the delivery of patient care services by pharmacists that ensures the safe and effective use of medications for all children from neonates through adolescents."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Specialty certification and recertification program administered by Board of Pharmaceutical Specialties, www.bpsweb.org [7/1/2006: modified definition]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1835P1200X",
              "display" : "Pharmacotherapy",
              "definition" : "A licensed pharmacist who has demonstrated specialized knowledge and skill in optimizing pharmacotherapeutic care of patients, by developing, implementing, monitoring, and modifying complex treatment plans, providing advanced level education and consultation, and collaborating with other health professionals in the management of therapy."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Specialty certification and recertification program administered by Board of Pharmaceutical Specialties, www.bpsweb.org [7/1/2006: modified title, added definition]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1835P1300X",
              "display" : "Psychiatric",
              "definition" : "A licensed pharmacist who has demonstrated specialized knowledge and skill in optimizing care of patients with psychiatric illness by assessing and monitoring patients, recognizing drug-induced problems, and recommending appropriate treatment plans."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Board of Pharmacy Specialties, www.bpsweb.org [7/1/2015: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1835P2201X",
              "display" : "Ambulatory Care",
              "definition" : "A licensed pharmacist who has demonstrated specialized knowledge and skill in the provision of integrated, accessible health care services by pharmacists and is accountable for addressing medication needs, developing sustained partnerships with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Specialty certification and recertification program administered by Board of Pharmaceutical Specialties, www.bpsweb.org [7/1/2006: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "1835X0200X",
              "display" : "Oncology",
              "definition" : "A licensed pharmacist who has demonstrated specialized knowledge and skill in developing, recommending, implementing, monitoring, and modifying pharmacotherapeutic plans to optimize outcomes in patients with malignant diseases."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: Pharmacy Technician Certification Board, www.ptcb.org [1/1/2006: modified definition, modified source]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "183700000X",
          "display" : "Pharmacy Technician",
          "definition" : "A person who works under the direct supervision of a licensed pharmacist and performs many pharmacy-related functions that do not require the professional judgment of a pharmacist."
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "code" : "base-10",
      "display" : "Group",
      "concept" : [
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "[7/1/2003: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "193200000X",
          "display" : "Multi-Specialty",
          "definition" : "A business group of one or more individual practitioners, who practice with different areas of specialization."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "[7/1/2003: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "193400000X",
          "display" : "Single Specialty",
          "definition" : "A business group of one or more individual practitioners, all of who practice with the same area of specialization."
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "code" : "base-11",
      "display" : "Allopathic & Osteopathic Physicians",
      "concept" : [
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Independent Medical Examiners [1/1/2007: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "202C00000X",
          "display" : "Independent Medical Examiner",
          "definition" : "A special evaluator not involved with the medical care of the individual examinee that impartially evaluates the care being provided by other practitioners to clarify clinical, disability, liability or other case issues."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American College of Phlebology 12/2006. [1/1/2007: new, 7/1/2009: definition reformatted] Additional Resources: Training Programs, Fellowships, and/or Preceptorships: Certification exam is being established by the American Board of Phlebology. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: None"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "202K00000X",
          "display" : "Phlebology",
          "definition" : "Phlebology is the medical discipline that involves the diagnosis and treatment of venous disorders, including spider veins, varicose veins, chronic venous insufficiency, venous leg ulcers, congenital venous abnormalities, venous thromboembolism and other disorders of venous origin. A phlebologist has attained a minimum of 50 hours of CME units in phlebology-related courses, and is knowledgeable of and trained in a variety of diagnostic techniques including physical examination, venous imaging techniques such as duplex ultrasound, CT and MR, plethysmographic techniques and laboratory evaluation related to venous thromboembolism. The phlebologist is also trained in a variety of therapeutic interventions, which may include compression, sclerotherapy, cutaneous vascular laser, endovenous thermoablation procedures (laser and radiofrequency) endovenous chemical ablation, surgical procedures (e.g., ambulatory phlebectomy, venous ligation), vasoactive medications and the management of venous thromboembolism."
        },
        {
          "code" : "204C00000X",
          "display" : "Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine, Sports Medicine",
          "definition" : "Definition to come."
        },
        {
          "code" : "204D00000X",
          "display" : "Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine & OMM",
          "definition" : "Definition to come."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American College of Surgeons, 2013. [7/1/2013: definition added, source added, additional resources added] Additional Resources: American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons While this is generally considered a specialty of dentistry, physicians can also be board certified as oral and maxillofacial surgeons through the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "204E00000X",
          "display" : "Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery",
          "definition" : "Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are trained to recognize and treat a wide spectrum of diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. They are also trained to administer anesthesia, and provide care in an office setting. They are trained to treat problems such as the extraction of wisdom teeth, misaligned jaws, tumors and cysts of the jaw and mouth, and to perform dental implant surgery."
        },
        {
          "code" : "204F00000X",
          "display" : "Transplant Surgery",
          "definition" : "Definition to come."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Association of Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine, 2011. www.aanem.org [1/1/2011: new] Additional Resources: American Board of Electrodiagnostic Medicine, 2011. www.abemexam.org"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "204R00000X",
          "display" : "Electrodiagnostic Medicine",
          "definition" : "Electrodiagnostic medicine is the medical subspecialty that applies neurophysiologic techniques to diagnose, evaluate, and treat patients with impairments of the neurologic, neuromuscular, and/or muscular systems. Qualified physicians are trained in performing electrophysiological testing and interpretation of the test data. They require knowledge in anatomy, physiology, kinesiology, histology, and pathology of the brain, spinal cord, autonomic nerves, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, neuromuscular junction, and muscles. They must know clinical features and treatment of diseases of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, as well as those of neuromuscular junction and muscle. Physicians also require special knowledge about electric signal processing, including waveform analysis, electronics and instrumentation, stimulation and recording equipment, and statistics."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007, www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source] Additional Resources: American Board of Allergy and Immunology, 2007. http://www.abai.org/ No subspecialty certificates in allergy and immunology are offered by the American Board of Allergy and Immunology (ABAI). The ABAI, however, does offer formal special pathways for physicians seeking dual certification in allergy/immunology and pediatric pulmonology; allergy/immunology and pediatric rheumatology; and allergy/immunology and adult rheumatology."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "207K00000X",
          "display" : "Allergy & Immunology",
          "definition" : "An allergist-immunologist is trained in evaluation, physical and laboratory diagnosis, and management of disorders involving the immune system. Selected examples of such conditions include asthma, anaphylaxis, rhinitis, eczema, and adverse reactions to drugs, foods, and insect stings as well as immune deficiency diseases (both acquired and congenital), defects in host defense, and problems related to autoimmune disease, organ transplantation, or malignancies of the immune system.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "code" : "207KA0200X",
              "display" : "Allergy",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "207KI0005X",
              "display" : "Clinical & Laboratory Immunology",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Anesthesiology, 2007. http://www.theaba.org/; American Osteopathic Board of Anesthesiology, 2007, http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Anesthesiology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Anesthesiology."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "207L00000X",
          "display" : "Anesthesiology",
          "definition" : "An anesthesiologist is trained to provide pain relief and maintenance, or restoration, of a stable condition during and immediately following an operation or an obstetric or diagnostic procedure. The anesthesiologist assesses the risk of the patient undergoing surgery and optimizes the patient's condition prior to, during and after surgery. In addition to these management responsibilities, the anesthesiologist provides medical management and consultation in pain management and critical care medicine. Anesthesiologists diagnose and treat acute, long-standing and cancer pain problems; diagnose and treat patients with critical illnesses or severe injuries; direct resuscitation in the care of patients with cardiac or respiratory emergencies, including the need for artificial ventilation; and supervise post-anesthesia recovery.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A Certification of Added Qualifications (CAQ) was, but is no longer issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Anesthesiology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207LA0401X",
              "display" : "Addiction Medicine",
              "definition" : "An anesthesiologist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of addictions."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Anesthesiology, 2007. http://www.theaba.org/; American Osteopathic Board of Anesthesiology, 2007, http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Anesthesiology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Anesthesiology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207LC0200X",
              "display" : "Critical Care Medicine",
              "definition" : "An anesthesiologist, who specializes in critical care medicine diagnoses, treats and supports patients with multiple organ dysfunction. This specialist may have administrative responsibilities for intensive care units and may also facilitate and coordinate patient care among the primary physician, the critical care staff and other specialists."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207LH0002X",
              "display" : "Hospice and Palliative Medicine",
              "definition" : "An anesthesiologist with special knowledge and skills to prevent and relieve the suffering experienced by patients with life-limiting illnesses. This specialist works with an interdisciplinary hospice or palliative care team to maximize quality of life while addressing physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of both patient and family throughout the course of the disease, through the dying process, and beyond for the family. This specialist has expertise in the assessment of patients with advanced disease; the relief of distressing symptoms; the coordination of interdisciplinary patient and family-centered care in diverse venues; the use of specialized care systems including hospice; the management of the imminently dying patient; and legal and ethical decision making in end-of-life care."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Anesthesiology, 2007. http://www.theaba.org/; American Osteopathic Board of Anesthesiology, 2007, http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Anesthesiology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Anesthesiology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207LP2900X",
              "display" : "Pain Medicine",
              "definition" : "An anesthesiologist who provides a high level of care, either as a primary physician or consultant, for patients experiencing problems with acute, chronic and/or cancer pain in both hospital and ambulatory settings. Patient care needs are also coordinated with other specialists."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Pediatrics [7/1/2006: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207LP3000X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Anesthesiology",
              "definition" : "An anesthesiologist who has had additional skill and experience in and is primarily concerned with the anesthesia, sedation, and pain management needs of infants and children. A pediatric anesthesiologist generally provides services including the evaluation of complex medical problems in infants and children when surgery is necessary, planning and care for children before and after surgery, pain control, anesthesia and sedation for any procedures out of the operating room such as MRI, CT scan, and radiation therapy."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source] Additional Resources: American Board of Dermatology, 2007. http://www.abderm.org/ Board certification is provided by the American Board of Dermatology."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "207N00000X",
          "display" : "Dermatology",
          "definition" : "A dermatologist is trained to diagnose and treat pediatric and adult patients with benign and malignant disorders of the skin, mouth, external genitalia, hair and nails, as well as a number of sexually transmitted diseases. The dermatologist has had additional training and experience in the diagnosis and treatment of skin cancers, melanomas, moles and other tumors of the skin, the management of contact dermatitis and other allergic and nonallergic skin disorders, and in the recognition of the skin manifestations of systemic (including internal malignancy) and infectious diseases. Dermatologists have special training in dermatopathology and in the surgical techniques used in dermatology. They also have expertise in the management of cosmetic disorders of the skin such as hair loss and scars and the skin changes associated with aging.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American College of Mohs Surgery, 2007 [1/1/2008: added definition, added source] Additional Resources: Additional Resources: http://www.mohscollege.org/; American Board of Dermatology, 2007. http://www.abderm.org/"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ND0101X",
              "display" : "MOHS-Micrographic Surgery",
              "definition" : "The highly-trained surgeons that perform Mohs Micrographic Surgery are specialists both in dermatology and pathology. With their extensive knowledge of the skin and unique pathological skills, they are able to remove only diseased tissue, preserving healthy tissue and minimizing the cosmetic impact of the surgery. Mohs surgeons who belong to the American College of Mohs Surgery (ACMS) have completed a minimum of one year of fellowship training at one of the ACMS-approved training centers in the U.S."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Dermatology, 2007. http://www.abderm.org/; American Osteopathic Board of Dermatology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Dermatology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Dermatology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ND0900X",
              "display" : "Dermatopathology",
              "definition" : "A dermatopathologist has the expertise to diagnose and monitor diseases of the skin including infectious, immunologic, degenerative and neoplastic diseases. This entails the examination and interpretation of specially prepared tissue sections, cellular scrapings and smears of skin lesions by means of routine and special (electron and fluorescent) microscopes."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source] Additional Resources: American Board of Dermatology, 2007. http://www.abderm.org/ Board certification is provided by the American Board of Dermatology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207NI0002X",
              "display" : "Clinical & Laboratory Dermatological Immunology",
              "definition" : "A dermatologist who utilizes various specialized laboratory procedures to diagnose disorders characterized by defective responses of the body's immune system. Immunodermatologists also may provide consultation in the management of these disorders and administer specialized forms of therapy for these diseases."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: changed definition, added source] Additional Resources: American Board of Dermatology, 2007, http://www.abderm.org/ A subspecialty certificate was approved by ABMS in 2000. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: None."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207NP0225X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Dermatology",
              "definition" : "A pediatric dermatologist has, through additional special training, developed expertise in the treatment of specific skin disease categories with emphasis on those diseases which predominate in infants, children and adolescents."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Dermatology, 2007 [1/1/2008: definition added, source added, title changed] Additional Resources: Some ABMS board certified dermatologists have completed a one-year ACGME approved fellowship in Procedural Dermatology, which has been offered since 2003. At this time the ABD does not offer subspecialty certification in Procedural Dermatology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207NS0135X",
              "display" : "Procedural Dermatology",
              "definition" : "Procedural Dermatology, a subspecialty of Dermatology, encompassing a wide variety of surgical procedures and methods to remove or modify skin tissue for health or cosmetic benefit. These methods include scalpel surgery, laser surgery, chemical surgery, cryosurgery (liquid nitrogen), electrosurgery, aspiration surgery, liposuction, injection of filler substances, and Mohs micrographic controlled surgery (a special technique for the removal of growths, especially skin cancers)."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: mofified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Emergency Medicine, 2007. http://www.abem.org/public/; American Osteopathic Board of Emergency Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Emergency Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Emergency Medicine."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "207P00000X",
          "display" : "Emergency Medicine",
          "definition" : "An emergency physician focuses on the immediate decision making and action necessary to prevent death or any further disability both in the pre-hospital setting by directing emergency medical technicians and in the emergency department. The emergency physician provides immediate recognition, evaluation, care, stabilization and disposition of a generally diversified population of adult and pediatric patients in response to acute illness and injury.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A Certification of Added Qualifications (CAQ) is issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Emergency Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207PE0004X",
              "display" : "Emergency Medical Services",
              "definition" : "An emergency medicine physician who specializes in non-hospital based emergency medical services (e.g., disaster site, accident scene, transport vehicle, etc.) to provide pre-hospital assessment, treatment, and transport patients."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Emergency Medicine [7/1/2008: source added, additional resources added] Additional Resources: Additional Resources: www.abem.org & American Board of Preventive Medicine www.abprevmed.org"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207PE0005X",
              "display" : "Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine",
              "definition" : "A specialist who treats decompression illness and diving accident cases and uses hyperbaric oxygen therapy to treat such conditions as carbon monoxide poisoning, gas gangrene, non-healing wounds, tissue damage from radiation and burns, and bone infections. This specialist also serves as a consultant to other physicians in all aspects of hyperbaric chamber operations, and assesses risks and applies appropriate standards to prevent disease and disability in divers and other persons working in altered atmospheric conditions."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207PH0002X",
              "display" : "Hospice and Palliative Medicine",
              "definition" : "An emergency medicine physician with special knowledge and skills to prevent and relieve the suffering experienced by patients with life-limiting illnesses. This specialist works with an interdisciplinary hospice or palliative care team to maximize quality of life while addressing physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of both patient and family throughout the course of the disease, through the dying process, and beyond for the family. This specialist has expertise in the assessment of patients with advanced disease; the relief of distressing symptoms; the coordination of interdisciplinary patient and family-centered care in diverse venues; the use of specialized care systems including hospice; the management of the imminently dying patient; and legal and ethical decision making in end-of-life care."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source] Additional Resources: American Board of Emergency Medicine, 2007. http://www.abem.org/public/ Board certification is provided by the American Board of Emergency Medicine. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Emergency Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207PP0204X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Emergency Medicine",
              "definition" : "Pediatric Emergency Medicine is a clinical subspecialty that focuses on the care of the acutely ill or injured child in the setting of an emergency department."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Emergency Medicine, 2007. http://www.abem.org/public/. American Osteopathic Board of Emergency Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Emergency Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Emergency Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207PS0010X",
              "display" : "Sports Medicine",
              "definition" : "An emergency physician with special knowledge in sports medicine is responsible for continuous care in the field of sports medicine, not only for the enhancement of health and fitness, but also for the prevention and management of injury and illness. A sports medicine physician has knowledge and experience in the promotion of wellness and the role of exercise in promoting a healthy lifestyle. Knowledge of exercise physiology, biomechanics, nutrition, psychology, physical rehabilitation and epidemiology is essential to the practice of sports medicine."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Emergency Medicine, 2007. http://www.abem.org/public/. American Osteopathic Board of Emergency Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Emergency Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Emergency Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207PT0002X",
              "display" : "Medical Toxicology",
              "definition" : "Medical toxicologists are physicians who specialize in the prevention, evaluation, treatment and monitoring of injury and illness from exposures to drugs and chemicals, as well as biological and radiological agents. Medical toxicologists care for people in clinical, academic, governmental and public health settings, and provide poison control center leadership. Important areas of medical toxicology include acute drug poisoning, adverse drug events, drug abuse, addiction and withdrawal, chemicals and hazardous materials, terrorism preparedness, venomous bites and stings and environmental and workplace exposures."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Family Medicine [1/1/2007: changed title; 7/1/2007: added definition, added source]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "207Q00000X",
          "display" : "Family Medicine",
          "definition" : "Family Medicine is the medical specialty which is concerned with the total health care of the individual and the family. It is the specialty in breadth which integrates the biological, clinical, and behavioral sciences. The scope of family medicine is not limited by age, sex, organ system, or disease entity.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Family Medicine, 2007. http://www.theabfm.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Family Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Family Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Family Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207QA0000X",
              "display" : "Adolescent Medicine",
              "definition" : "A family medicine physician with multidisciplinary training in the unique physical, psychological and social characteristics of adolescents and their health care problems and needs."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A Certification of Added Qualifications (CAQ) was, but is no longer issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Family Physicians."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207QA0401X",
              "display" : "Addiction Medicine",
              "definition" : "A family medicine physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of addictions."
            },
            {
              "code" : "207QA0505X",
              "display" : "Adult Medicine",
              "definition" : "Definition to come."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Obesity Medicine [7/1/2015: title and definition modified] Additional Resource: American Society of Bariatric Physicians, www.asbp.org."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207QB0002X",
              "display" : "Obesity Medicine",
              "definition" : "A physician who specializes in the treatment of obesity demonstrates competency in and a thorough understanding of the treatment of obesity and the genetic, biologic, environmental, social, and behavioral factors that contribute to obesity. The obesity medicine physician employs therapeutic interventions including diet, physical activity, behavioral change, and pharmacotherapy. The obesity medicine physician utilizes a comprehensive approach, and may include additional resources such as dietitians, exercise physiologists, mental health professionals and bariatric surgeons as indicated to achieve optimal results. Additionally, the obesity medicine physician maintains competency in providing pre- peri- and post-surgical care of bariatric surgery patients, promotes the prevention of obesity, and advocates for those who suffer from obesity."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Family Medicine, 2007. http://wwwtheabfm.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Family Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Family Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Family Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207QG0300X",
              "display" : "Geriatric Medicine",
              "definition" : "A family medicine physician with special knowledge of the aging process and special skills in the diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive and rehabilitative aspects of illness in the elderly. This specialist cares for geriatric patients in the patient's home, the office, long-term care settings such as nursing homes, and the hospital."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207QH0002X",
              "display" : "Hospice and Palliative Medicine",
              "definition" : "A family medicine physician with special knowledge and skills to prevent and relieve the suffering experienced by patients with life-limiting illnesses. This specialist works with an interdisciplinary hospice or palliative care team to maximize quality of life while addressing physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of both patient and family throughout the course of the disease, through the dying process, and beyond for the family. This specialist has expertise in the assessment of patients with advanced disease; the relief of distressing symptoms; the coordination of interdisciplinary patient and family-centered care in diverse venues; the use of specialized care systems including hospice; the management of the imminently dying patient; and legal and ethical decision making in end-of-life care."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Family Medicine, 2007. http://www.theabfm.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Family Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Family Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Family Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207QS0010X",
              "display" : "Sports Medicine",
              "definition" : "A family medicine physician that is trained to be responsible for continuous care in the field of sports medicine, not only for the enhancement of health and fitness, but also for the prevention of injury and illness. A sports medicine physician must have knowledge and experience in the promotion of wellness and the prevention of injury. Knowledge about special areas of medicine such as exercise physiology, biomechanics, nutrition, psychology, physical rehabilitation, epidemiology, physical evaluation, injuries (treatment and prevention and referral practice) and the role of exercise in promoting a healthy lifestyle are essential to the practice of sports medicine. The sports medicine physician requires special education to provide the knowledge to improve the health care of the individual engaged in physical exercise (sports) whether as an individual or in team participation."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Sleep Medicine, 2008 [7/1/2008: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207QS1201X",
              "display" : "Sleep Medicine",
              "definition" : "A Family Medicine Physician who practices Sleep Medicine is certified in the subspecialty of sleep medicine and specializes in the clinical assessment, physiologic testing, diagnosis, management and prevention of sleep and circadian rhythm disorders. Sleep specialists treat patients of any age and use multidisciplinary approaches. Disorders managed by sleep specialists include, but are not limited to, sleep related breathing disorders, insomnia, hypersomnias, circadian rhythm sleep disorders, parasomnias and sleep related movement disorders."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "207R00000X",
          "display" : "Internal Medicine",
          "definition" : "A physician who provides long-term, comprehensive care in the office and the hospital, managing both common and complex illness of adolescents, adults and the elderly. Internists are trained in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, infections and diseases affecting the heart, blood, kidneys, joints and digestive, respiratory and vascular systems. They are also trained in the essentials of primary care internal medicine, which incorporates an understanding of disease prevention, wellness, substance abuse, mental health and effective treatment of common problems of the eyes, ears, skin, nervous system and reproductive organs.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RA0000X",
              "display" : "Adolescent Medicine",
              "definition" : "An internist who specializes in adolescent medicine is a multi-disciplinary healthcare specialist trained in the unique physical, psychological and social characteristics of adolescents, their healthcare problems and needs."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Internal Medicine, www.abim.org [7/1/2015: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RA0001X",
              "display" : "Advanced Heart Failure and Transplant Cardiology",
              "definition" : "Specialists in Advanced Heart Failure and Transplant Cardiology would participate in the inpatient and outpatient management of patients with advanced heart failure across the spectrum from consideration for high-risk cardiac surgery, cardiac transplantation, or mechanical circulatory support, to pre-and post-operative evaluation and management of patients with cardiac transplants and mechanical support devices, and end-of-life care for patients with end-stage heart failure."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. [7/1/2008: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: http://www.osteopathic.org/certification"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RA0201X",
              "display" : "Allergy & Immunology",
              "definition" : "An internist doctor of osteopathy that specializes in the treatment of allergy and immunologic disorders. A doctor of osteopathy that is board eligible/certified by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine can obtain a Certificate of Special Qualifications in the field of Allergy & Immunology."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. [7/1/2008: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: http://www.osteopathic.org/certification"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RA0401X",
              "display" : "Addiction Medicine",
              "definition" : "An internist doctor of osteopathy that specializes in the treatment of addiction disorders. A doctor of osteopathy that is board eligible/certified by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine can obtain a Certificate of Added Qualifications in the field of Addiction Medicine."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Obesity Medicine [7/1/2015: title and definition modified] Additional Resource: American Society of Bariatric Physicians, www.asbp.org."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RB0002X",
              "display" : "Obesity Medicine",
              "definition" : "A physician who specializes in the treatment of obesity demonstrates competency in and a thorough understanding of the treatment of obesity and the genetic, biologic, environmental, social, and behavioral factors that contribute to obesity. The obesity medicine physician employs therapeutic interventions including diet, physical activity, behavioral change, and pharmacotherapy. The obesity medicine physician utilizes a comprehensive approach, and may include additional resources such as dietitians, exercise physiologists, mental health professionals and bariatric surgeons as indicated to achieve optimal results. Additionally, the obesity medicine physician maintains competency in providing pre- peri- and post-surgical care of bariatric surgery patients, promotes the prevention of obesity, and advocates for those who suffer from obesity."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2008 [7/1/2008: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, http://www.abim.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, https://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RC0000X",
              "display" : "Cardiovascular Disease",
              "definition" : "An internist who specializes in diseases of the heart and blood vessels and manages complex cardiac conditions such as heart attacks and life-threatening, abnormal heartbeat rhythms."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RC0001X",
              "display" : "Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology",
              "definition" : "A field of special interest within the subspecialty of cardiovascular disease, specialty of Internal Medicine, which involves intricate technical procedures to evaluate heart rhythms and determine appropriate treatment for them."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RC0200X",
              "display" : "Critical Care Medicine",
              "definition" : "An internist who diagnoses, treats and supports patients with multiple organ dysfunction. This specialist may have administrative responsibilities for intensive care units and may also facilitate and coordinate patient care among the primary physician, the critical care staff and other specialists."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RE0101X",
              "display" : "Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism",
              "definition" : "An internist who concentrates on disorders of the internal (endocrine) glands such as the thyroid and adrenal glands. This specialist also deals with disorders such as diabetes, metabolic and nutritional disorders, obesity, pituitary diseases and menstrual and sexual problems."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RG0100X",
              "display" : "Gastroenterology",
              "definition" : "An internist who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the digestive organs including the stomach, bowels, liver and gallbladder. This specialist treats conditions such as abdominal pain, ulcers, diarrhea, cancer and jaundice and performs complex diagnostic and therapeutic procedures using endoscopes to visualize internal organs."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RG0300X",
              "display" : "Geriatric Medicine",
              "definition" : "An internist who has special knowledge of the aging process and special skills in the diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive and rehabilitative aspects of illness in the elderly. This specialist cares for geriatric patients in the patient's home, the office, long-term care settings such as nursing homes and the hospital."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RH0000X",
              "display" : "Hematology",
              "definition" : "An internist with additional training who specializes in diseases of the blood, spleen and lymph. This specialist treats conditions such as anemia, clotting disorders, sickle cell disease, hemophilia, leukemia and lymphoma."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RH0002X",
              "display" : "Hospice and Palliative Medicine",
              "definition" : "An internal medicine physician with special knowledge and skills to prevent and relieve the suffering experienced by patients with life-limiting illnesses. This specialist works with an interdisciplinary hospice or palliative care team to maximize quality of life while addressing physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of both patient and family throughout the course of the disease, through the dying process, and beyond for the family. This specialist has expertise in the assessment of patients with advanced disease; the relief of distressing symptoms; the coordination of interdisciplinary patient and family-centered care in diverse venues; the use of specialized care systems including hospice; the management of the imminently dying patient; and legal and ethical decision making in end-of-life care."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. [7/1/2008: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: http://www.osteopathic.org/certification"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RH0003X",
              "display" : "Hematology & Oncology",
              "definition" : "An internist doctor of osteopathy that specializes in the treatment of the combination of hematology and oncology disorders. A doctor of osteopathy that is board eligible/certified by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine WAS able to obtain a Certificate of Special Qualifications in the field of Hematology and Oncology. The Certificate is NO longer offered."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Society of Hypertension [7/1/2011: new] Additional Resources: The American Society of Hypertension Specialists Program offers an examination and designation for Hypertension Specialists. This subspecialty is not a Board certificate issued by either the American Board of Internal Medicine or the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RH0005X",
              "display" : "Hypertension Specialist",
              "definition" : "A Hypertension Specialist is a physician who concentrates on all aspects of the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A certification was, but is no longer issued by the American Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RI0001X",
              "display" : "Clinical & Laboratory Immunology",
              "definition" : "An internal medicine physician who specializes in clinical and laboratory immunology disease management."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Training Programs, and/or Fellowships, Preceptorships: The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) is the major professional society organized for physicians with an interest in Hepatology. A subcommittee of that organization has published guidelines for training programs in the 1992 November issue of Hepatology. Source: The American Board of Internal Medicine 9/1993 ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: None"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RI0008X",
              "display" : "Hepatology",
              "definition" : "The discipline of Hepatology encompasses the structure, function, and diseases of the liver and biliary tract. The American Board of Internal Medicine considers Hepatology part of the subspecialty of gastroenterology. Physicians who identify themselves as Hepatologists usually, but not always, have been trained in gastrointestinal programs."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source] Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/ Board Certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: 1 year of training plus a prerequisite of 3 years Internal Medicine, 3 years Cardiovascular Disease for a total of 7 years. ABMS Approved Subspecialty Certificate (Internal Medicine)"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RI0011X",
              "display" : "Interventional Cardiology",
              "definition" : "An area of medicine within the subspecialty of cardiology, which uses specialized imaging and other diagnostic techniques to evaluate blood flow and pressure in the coronary arteries and chambers of the heart and uses technical procedures and medications to treat abnormalities that impair the function of the cardiovascular system."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RI0200X",
              "display" : "Infectious Disease",
              "definition" : "An internist who deals with infectious diseases of all types and in all organ systems. Conditions requiring selective use of antibiotics call for this special skill. This physician often diagnoses and treats AIDS patients and patients with fevers which have not been explained. Infectious disease specialists may also have expertise in preventive medicine and travel medicine."
            },
            {
              "code" : "207RM1200X",
              "display" : "Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)",
              "definition" : "Definition to come."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RN0300X",
              "display" : "Nephrology",
              "definition" : "An internist who treats disorders of the kidney, high blood pressure, fluid and mineral balance and dialysis of body wastes when the kidneys do not function. This specialist consults with surgeons about kidney transplantation."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RP1001X",
              "display" : "Pulmonary Disease",
              "definition" : "An internist who treats diseases of the lungs and airways. The pulmonologist diagnoses and treats cancer, pneumonia, pleurisy, asthma, occupational and environmental diseases, bronchitis, sleep disorders, emphysema and other complex disorders of the lungs."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RR0500X",
              "display" : "Rheumatology",
              "definition" : "An internist who treats diseases of joints, muscle, bones and tendons. This specialist diagnoses and treats arthritis, back pain, muscle strains, common athletic injuries and collagen diseases."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RS0010X",
              "display" : "Sports Medicine",
              "definition" : "An internist trained to be responsible for continuous care in the field of sports medicine, not only for the enhancement of health and fitness, but also for the prevention of injury and illness. A sports medicine physician must have knowledge and experience in the promotion of wellness and the prevention of injury. Knowledge about special areas of medicine such as exercise physiology, biomechanics, nutrition, psychology, physical rehabilitation, epidemiology, physical evaluation, injuries (treatment and prevention and referral practice) and the role of exercise in promoting a healthy lifestyle are essential to the practice of sports medicine. The sports medicine physician requires special education to provide the knowledge to improve the healthcare of the individual."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Sleep Medicine [7/1/2006: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RS0012X",
              "display" : "Sleep Medicine",
              "definition" : "An Internist who practices Sleep Medicine is certified in the subspecialty of sleep medicine and specializes in the clinical assessment, physiologic testing, diagnosis, management and prevention of sleep and circadian rhythm disorders. Sleep specialists treat patients of any age and use multidisciplinary approaches. Disorders managed by sleep specialists include, but are not limited to, sleep related breathing disorders, insomnia, hypersomnias, circadian rhythm sleep disorders, parasomnias and sleep related movement disorders."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: new] Additional Resources: American Board of Internal Medicine, 2007. http://www.abim.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Internal Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RT0003X",
              "display" : "Transplant Hepatology",
              "definition" : "An internist with special knowledge and the skill required of a gastroenterologist to care for patients prior to and following hepatic transplantation that spans all phases of liver transplantation. Selection of appropriate recipients requires assessment by a team having experience in evaluating the severity and prognosis of patients with liver disease."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source. 11/5/2007: corrected definition]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207RX0202X",
              "display" : "Medical Oncology",
              "definition" : "An internist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of all types of cancer and other benign and malignant tumors. This specialist decides on and administers therapy for these malignancies as well as consults with surgeons and radiotherapists on other treatments for cancer."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Medical Genetics, 2007. http://www.abmg.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Medical Genetics. A general certificate was first issued by the ABMS in 1982. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: None."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "207SC0300X",
          "display" : "Medical Genetics",
          "definition" : "A clinical cytogeneticist demonstrates competence in providing laboratory diagnostic and clinical interpretive services dealing with cellular components, particularly chromosomes, associated with heredity.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Medical Genetics, 2007. http://www.abmg.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Medical Genetics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207SG0201X",
              "display" : "Clinical Genetics (M.D.)",
              "definition" : "A clinical geneticist demonstrates competence in providing comprehensive diagnostic, management and counseling services for genetic disorders."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Medical Genetics, 2007. http://www.abmg.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Medical Genetics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207SG0202X",
              "display" : "Clinical Biochemical Genetics",
              "definition" : "A clinical biochemical geneticist demonstrates competence in performing and interpreting biochemical analyses relevant to the diagnosis and management of human genetic diseases and is a consultant regarding laboratory diagnosis of a broad range of inherited disorders."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Medical Genetics, 2007. http://www.abmg.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Medical Genetics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207SG0203X",
              "display" : "Clinical Molecular Genetics",
              "definition" : "A clinical molecular geneticist demonstrates competence in performing and interpreting molecular analyses relevant to the diagnosis and management of human genetic diseases and is a consultant regarding laboratory diagnosis of a broad range of inherited disorders."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Medical Genetics, 2007. http://www.abmg.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Medical Genetics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207SG0205X",
              "display" : "Ph.D. Medical Genetics",
              "definition" : "A medical geneticist works in association with a medical specialist, is affiliated with a clinical genetics program and serves as a consultant to medical and dental specialists."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Medical Genetics, 2007. http://www.abmg.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Medical Genetics. A subspecialty certificate for MGG was approved by the ABMS in 1999. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: Proposal under development."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207SM0001X",
              "display" : "Molecular Genetic Pathology",
              "definition" : "A board certified subspecialty, the molecular genetic pathologist is expert in the principles, theory and technologies of molecular biology and molecular genetics. This expertise is used to make or confirm diagnoses of Mendelian genetic disorders, of human development, infectious diseases and malignancies and to assess the natural history of those disorders. A molecular genetic pathologist provides information about gene structure, function and alteration, and applies laboratory techniques for diagnosis, treatment and prognosis for individuals with related disorders."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Neurological Surgery, 2007. http://www.abns.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Neurological Surgery."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "207T00000X",
          "display" : "Neurological Surgery",
          "definition" : "A neurological surgeon provides the operative and non-operative management (i.e., prevention, diagnosis, evaluation, treatment, critical care, and rehabilitation) of disorders of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, including their supporting structures and vascular supply; the evaluation and treatment of pathological processes which modify function or activity of the nervous system; and the operative and non-operative management of pain. A neurological surgeon treats patients with disorders of the nervous system; disorders of the brain, meninges, skull, and their blood supply, including the extracranial carotid and vertebral arteries; disorders of the pituitary gland; disorders of the spinal cord, meninges, and vertebral column, including those which may require treatment by spinal fusion or instrumentation; and disorders of the cranial and spinal nerves throughout their distribution."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Nuclear Medicine, 2007. http://www.abnm.org/. A doctor of osteopathy was able to obtain a Certificate of Added Qualifications in the field of Nuclear Medicine. The Certificate is NO longer offered.<br/><br/>American Osteopathic Board of Nuclear Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Nuclear Medicine."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "207U00000X",
          "display" : "Nuclear Medicine",
          "definition" : "A nuclear medicine specialist employs the properties of radioactive atoms and molecules in the diagnosis and treatment of disease and in research. Radiation detection and imaging instrument systems are used to detect disease as it changes the function and metabolism of normal cells, tissues and organs. A wide variety of diseases can be found in this way, usually before the structure of the organ involved by the disease can be seen to be abnormal by any other techniques. Early detection of coronary artery disease (including acute heart attack), early cancer detection and evaluation of the effect of tumor treatment, diagnosis of infection and inflammation anywhere in the body and early detection of blood clot in the lungs are all possible with these techniques. Unique forms of radioactive molecules can attack and kill cancer cells (e.g., lymphoma, thyroid cancer) or can relieve the severe pain of cancer that has spread to bone",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A Certification of Added Qualifications (CAQ) was, but is no longer issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Nuclear Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207UN0901X",
              "display" : "Nuclear Cardiology",
              "definition" : "A nuclear medicine physician who specializes in nuclear cardiology."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A Certification of Added Qualifications (CAQ) was, but is no longer issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Nuclear Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207UN0902X",
              "display" : "Nuclear Imaging & Therapy",
              "definition" : "A nuclear medicine physician who specializes in nuclear imaging and therapy."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A Certification of Added Qualifications (CAQ) was, but is no longer issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Nuclear Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207UN0903X",
              "display" : "In Vivo & In Vitro Nuclear Medicine",
              "definition" : "A nuclear medicine physician who specializes in in vivo and in vitro nuclear medicine."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2007. http://www.abog.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "207V00000X",
          "display" : "Obstetrics & Gynecology",
          "definition" : "An obstetrician/gynecologist possesses special knowledge, skills and professional capability in the medical and surgical care of the female reproductive system and associated disorders. This physician serves as a consultant to other physicians and as a primary physician for women.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Obesity Medicine [7/1/2015: title and definition modified] Additional Resource: American Society of Bariatric Physicians, www.asbp.org."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207VB0002X",
              "display" : "Obesity Medicine",
              "definition" : "A physician who specializes in the treatment of obesity demonstrates competency in and a thorough understanding of the treatment of obesity and the genetic, biologic, environmental, social, and behavioral factors that contribute to obesity. The obesity medicine physician employs therapeutic interventions including diet, physical activity, behavioral change, and pharmacotherapy. The obesity medicine physician utilizes a comprehensive approach, and may include additional resources such as dietitians, exercise physiologists, mental health professionals and bariatric surgeons as indicated to achieve optimal results. Additionally, the obesity medicine physician maintains competency in providing pre- peri- and post-surgical care of bariatric surgery patients, promotes the prevention of obesity, and advocates for those who suffer from obesity."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2007. http://www.abog.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207VC0200X",
              "display" : "Critical Care Medicine",
              "definition" : "An obstetrician/gynecologist, who specializes in critical care medicine diagnoses, treats and supports female patients with multiple organ dysfunction. This specialist may have administrative responsibilities for intensive care units and may also facilitate and coordinate patient care among the primary physician, the critical care staff and other specialists."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2007. http://www.abog.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207VE0102X",
              "display" : "Reproductive Endocrinology",
              "definition" : "An obstetrician/gynecologist who is capable of managing complex problems relating to reproductive endocrinology and infertility."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2011. [1/1/2012: new] Resources: www.abms.org"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207VF0040X",
              "display" : "Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery",
              "definition" : "A subspecialist in Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery is a physician in Urology or Obstetrics and Gynecology who, by virtue of education and training, is prepared to provide consultation and comprehensive management of women with complex benign pelvic conditions, lower urinary tract disorders, and pelvic floor dysfunction. Comprehensive management includes those diagnostic and therapeutic procedures necessary for the total care of the patient with these conditions and complications resulting from them."
            },
            {
              "code" : "207VG0400X",
              "display" : "Gynecology",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207VH0002X",
              "display" : "Hospice and Palliative Medicine",
              "definition" : "An obstetrician/gynecologist with special knowledge and skills to prevent and relieve the suffering experienced by patients with life-limiting illnesses. This specialist works with an interdisciplinary hospice or palliative care team to maximize quality of life while addressing physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of both patient and family throughout the course of the disease, through the dying process, and beyond for the family. This specialist has expertise in the assessment of patients with advanced disease; the relief of distressing symptoms; the coordination of interdisciplinary patient and family-centered care in diverse venues; the use of specialized care systems including hospice; the management of the imminently dying patient; and legal and ethical decision making in end-of-life care."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2007. http://www.abog.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207VM0101X",
              "display" : "Maternal & Fetal Medicine",
              "definition" : "An obstetrician/gynecologist who cares for, or provides consultation on, patients with complications of pregnancy. This specialist has advanced knowledge of the obstetrical, medical and surgical complications of pregnancy and their effect on both the mother and the fetus. The specialist also possesses expertise in the most current diagnostic and treatment modalities used in the care of patients with complicated pregnancies."
            },
            {
              "code" : "207VX0000X",
              "display" : "Obstetrics",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2007. http://www.abog.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207VX0201X",
              "display" : "Gynecologic Oncology",
              "definition" : "An obstetrician/gynecologist who provides consultation and comprehensive management of patients with gynecologic cancer, including those diagnostic and therapeutic procedures necessary for the total care of the patient with gynecologic cancer and resulting complications."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Ophthalmology, 2007. http://www.abop.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Ophthalmology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "207W00000X",
          "display" : "Ophthalmology",
          "definition" : "An ophthalmologist has the knowledge and professional skills needed to provide comprehensive eye and vision care. Ophthalmologists are medically trained to diagnose, monitor and medically or surgically treat all ocular and visual disorders. This includes problems affecting the eye and its component structures, the eyelids, the orbit and the visual pathways. In so doing, an ophthalmologist prescribes vision services, including glasses and contact lenses.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Ophthalmology, 2015 [1/1/2016: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207WX0200X",
              "display" : "Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery",
              "definition" : "A physician who specializes in oculofacial plastic and reconstructive surgery. This subspecialty combines orbital and periocular surgery with facial plastic surgery, and includes aesthetic and reconstructive surgery of the face, orbit, eyelid, and lacrimal system. Practitioners evaluate, diagnose and treat conditions involving the eyelids, brows, midface, orbits, lacrimal systems and surrounding and supporting structures of the face and neck."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2007. http://www.abos.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Orthopaedic Surgery."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "207X00000X",
          "display" : "Orthopaedic Surgery",
          "definition" : "An orthopaedic surgeon is trained in the preservation, investigation and restoration of the form and function of the extremities, spine and associated structures by medical, surgical and physical means. An orthopaedic surgeon is involved with the care of patients whose musculoskeletal problems include congenital deformities, trauma, infections, tumors, metabolic disturbances of the musculoskeletal system, deformities, injuries and degenerative diseases of the spine, hands, feet, knee, hip, shoulder and elbow in children and adults. An orthopaedic surgeon is also concerned with primary and secondary muscular problems and the effects of central or peripheral nervous system lesions of the musculoskeletal system.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Pediatrics [7/1/2006: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207XP3100X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery",
              "definition" : "An orthopedic surgeon who has additional training and experience in diagnosing, treating and managing musculoskeletal problems in infants, children and adolescents. These may include limb and spine deformities (such as club foot, scoliosis); gait abnormalities (limping); bone and joint infections; broken bones."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2007. http://www.abos.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Orthopaedic Surgery."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207XS0106X",
              "display" : "Hand Surgery",
              "definition" : "An orthopaedic surgeon trained in the investigation, preservation and restoration by medical, surgical and rehabilitative means of all structures of the upper extremity directly affecting the form and function of the hand and wrist."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2007. http://www.abos.org/. Separate board certification is not currently offered."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207XS0114X",
              "display" : "Adult Reconstructive Orthopaedic Surgery",
              "definition" : "Recognized by several state medical boards as a fellowship subspecialty program of orthopaedic surgery, adult reconstructive orthopaedic surgeons deal with reconstructive procedures such as joint arthroplasty (i.e., hip and knee), osteotomy, arthroscopy, soft-tissue reconstruction, and a variety of other adult reconstructive surgical procedures."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2007. http://www.abos.org/. Separate board certification is not currently offered."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207XS0117X",
              "display" : "Orthopaedic Surgery of the Spine",
              "definition" : "Recognized by several state medical boards as a fellowship subspecialty program of orthopaedic surgery, orthopaedic surgeons of the spine deal with the evaluation and nonoperative and operative treatment of the full spectrum of primary spinal disorders including trauma, degenerative, deformity, tumor, and reconstructive."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: title modified, definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2007. http://www.abos.org/. Separate board certification is not currently offered. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: 1 year of training with 5 years Orthopedic Surgery for a total of 6 years."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207XX0004X",
              "display" : "Foot and Ankle Surgery",
              "definition" : "Recognized by several state medical boards as a fellowship subspecialty program of orthopaedic surgery, foot and ankle surgeons deal with adult reconstructive foot and ankle surgery, adult foot and ankle trauma, sports medicine foot and ankle, and children's foot and ankle reconstructive surgery."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton changed, source changed] Additional Resources: American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2007. http://www.abos.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery. ACGME Accredited Program Requirements: 1 year GME in the specialty + 5 years of Orthopaedic Surgery for a total of 6 years"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207XX0005X",
              "display" : "Sports Medicine",
              "definition" : "An orthopaedic surgeon trained in sports medicine provides appropriate care for all structures of the musculoskeletal system directly affected by participation in sporting activity. This specialist is proficient in areas including conditioning, training and fitness, athletic performance and the impact of dietary supplements, pharmaceuticals, and nutrition on performance and health, coordination of care within the team setting utilizing other health care professionals, field evaluation and management, soft tissue biomechanics and injury healing and repair. Knowledge and understanding of the principles and techniques of rehabilitation, athletic equipment and orthotic devices enables the specialist to prevent and manage athletic injuries."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2007. http://www.abos.org/. Separate board certification is not currently offered."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207XX0801X",
              "display" : "Orthopaedic Trauma",
              "definition" : "Recognized by several state medical boards as a fellowship subspecialty program of orthopaedic surgery, orthopaedic trauma surgeons deal with the evaluation and management of acute orthopaedic injuries, evaluation and treatment of post-traumatic deformities and nonunions, acute and delayed reconstruction of pelvic and acetabular fractures, as well as osteotomy in the adult hip for treatment of hip arthritis."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Otolaryngology, 2007. http://www.aboto.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Otolaryngology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "207Y00000X",
          "display" : "Otolaryngology",
          "definition" : "An otolaryngologist-head and neck surgeon provides comprehensive medical and surgical care for patients with diseases and disorders that affect the ears, nose, throat, the respiratory and upper alimentary systems and related structures of the head and neck. An otolaryngologist diagnoses and provides medical and/or surgical therapy or prevention of diseases, allergies, neoplasms, deformities, disorders and/or injuries of the ears, nose, sinuses, throat, respiratory and upper alimentary systems, face, jaws and the other head and neck systems. Head and neck oncology, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery and the treatment of disorders of hearing and voice are fundamental areas of expertise.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Otolaryngology, 2007. http://www.aboto.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Otolaryngology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207YP0228X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Otolaryngology",
              "definition" : "A pediatric otolaryngologist has special expertise in the management of infants and children with disorders that include congenital and acquired conditions involving the aerodigestive tract, nose and paranasal sinuses, the ear and other areas of the head and neck. The pediatric otolaryngologist has special skills in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of childhood disorders of voice, speech, language and hearing."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Sleep Medicine [7/1/2006: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207YS0012X",
              "display" : "Sleep Medicine",
              "definition" : "An Otolaryngologist who practices Sleep Medicine is certified in the subspecialty of sleep medicine and specializes in the clinical assessment, physiologic testing, diagnosis, management and prevention of sleep and circadian rhythm disorders. Sleep specialists treat patients of any age and use multidisciplinary approaches. Disorders managed by sleep specialists include, but are not limited to, sleep related breathing disorders, insomnia, hypersomnias, circadian rhythm sleep disorders, parasomnias and sleep related movement disorders."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A General Certificate was, but is no longer issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207YS0123X",
              "display" : "Facial Plastic Surgery",
              "definition" : "An otolaryngologist who specializes in facial plastic surgery."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Otolaryngology, 2007. http://www.aboto.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Otolaryngology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy is currently provided in the subspecialty of Otolaryngology/Facial Plastic Surgery (see Taxonomy Code 207YX0905X)"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207YX0007X",
              "display" : "Plastic Surgery within the Head & Neck",
              "definition" : "An otolaryngologist with additional training in plastic and reconstructive procedures within the head, face, neck and associated structures, including cutaneous head and neck oncology and reconstruction, management of maxillofacial trauma, soft tissue repair and neural surgery. The field is diverse and involves a wide age range of patients, from the newborn to the aged. While both cosmetic and reconstructive surgeries are practiced, there are many additional procedures which interface with them."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A Certification of Added Qualifications (CAQ) is issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207YX0602X",
              "display" : "Otolaryngic Allergy",
              "definition" : "An otolaryngologist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of otolaryngic allergies and other allergic diseases."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Otolaryngology, 2007. http://www.aboto.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Otolaryngology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207YX0901X",
              "display" : "Otology & Neurotology",
              "definition" : "An otolaryngologist who treats diseases of the ear and temporal bone, including disorders of hearing and balance. The additional training in otology and neurotology emphasizes the study of embryology, anatomy, physiology, epidemiology, pathophysiology, pathology, genetics, immunology, microbiology and the etiology of diseases of the ear and temporal bone."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A General Certificate is issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207YX0905X",
              "display" : "Otolaryngology/Facial Plastic Surgery",
              "definition" : "An otolaryngologist who specializes in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of head and neck conditions."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.abpath.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pathology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) was provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pathology. The Certification is NO longer provided."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "207ZB0001X",
          "display" : "Pathology",
          "definition" : "A physician who specializes in blood banking/transfusion medicine is responsible for the maintenance of an adequate blood supply, blood donor and patient-recipient safety and appropriate blood utilization. Pre-transfusion compatibility testing and antibody testing assure that blood transfusions, when indicated, are as safe as possible. This physician directs the preparation and safe use of specially prepared blood components, including red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma constituents, and marrow or stem cells for transplantation.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: new, 7/1/2009: definition reformatted] Additional Resources: American Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.abpath.org/ This taxonomy code identifies the combined anatomic clinical pathology only route. Board Certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pathology. To acknowledge the diverse activities in the practice of pathology and to accommodate the interests of individuals wanting to enter the field, the ABP offers primary certification through the following three routes: combined anatomic pathology and clinical pathology, anatomic pathology only and clinical pathology only. Primary certification in anatomic pathology or clinical pathology may be combined with some of the subspecialty certifications."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZC0006X",
              "display" : "Clinical Pathology",
              "definition" : "A pathologist deals with the causes and nature of disease and contributes to diagnosis, prognosis and treatment through knowledge gained by the laboratory application of the biologic, chemical and physical sciences. A pathologist uses information gathered from the microscopic examination of tissue specimens, cells and body fluids, and from clinical laboratory tests on body fluids and secretions for the diagnosis, exclusion and monitoring of disease."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: The American Board of Preventive Medicine, 2013 [1/1/2014: new] Additional Resources: The American Board of Pathology, www.abpath.org"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZC0008X",
              "display" : "Clinical Informatics",
              "definition" : "Physicians who practice Clinical Informatics collaborate with other health care and information technology professionals to analyze, design, implement and evaluate information and communication systems that enhance individual and population health outcomes, improve patient care, and strengthen the clinician-patient relationship. Clinical Informaticians use their knowledge of patient care combined with their understanding of informatics concepts, methods, and tools to: assess information and knowledge needs of health care professionals and patients; characterize, evaluate, and refine clinical processes; develop, implement, and refine clinical decision support systems; and lead or participate in the procurement, customization, development, implementation, management, evaluation, and continuous improvement of clinical information systems."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton changed, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.abpath.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pathology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZC0500X",
              "display" : "Cytopathology",
              "definition" : "A cytopathologist is an anatomic pathologist trained in the diagnosis of human disease by means of the study of cells obtained from body secretions and fluids, by scraping, washing, or sponging the surface of a lesion, or by the aspiration of a tumor mass or body organ with a fine needle. A major aspect of a cytopathologist�s practice is the interpretation of Papanicolaou-stained smears of cells from the female reproductive systems, the �Pap� test. However, the cytopathologist�s expertise is applied to the diagnosis of cells from all systems and areas of the body. He/she is a consultant to all medical specialists."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton changed, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.abpath.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pathology. A subspecialty certificate was first issued by the ABMS in 1974. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: None."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZD0900X",
              "display" : "Dermatopathology",
              "definition" : "A dermatopathologist is an expert in diagnosing and monitoring diseases of the skin including infectious, immunologic, degenerative, and neoplastic diseases. This entails the examination and interpretation of specially prepared tissue sections, cellular scrapings, and smears of skin lesions by means of light microscopy, electron microscopy, and fluorescence microscopy."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.abpath.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pathology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pathology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZF0201X",
              "display" : "Forensic Pathology",
              "definition" : "A forensic pathologist is expert in investigating and evaluating cases of sudden, unexpected, suspicious and violent death as well as other specific classes of death defined by law. The forensic pathologist serves the public as coroner or medical examiner, or by performing medicolegal autopsies for such officials."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.abpath.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pathology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) was provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pathology. The Certification is NO longer provided."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZH0000X",
              "display" : "Hematology",
              "definition" : "A hematopathologist is expert in diseases that affect blood cells, blood clotting mechanisms, bone marrow and lymph nodes. This physician has the knowledge and technical skills essential for the laboratory diagnosis of anemias, leukemias, lymphomas, bleeding disorders and blood clotting disorders."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A Certification of Added Qualifications (CAQ) was, but is no longer issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Pathology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZI0100X",
              "display" : "Immunopathology",
              "definition" : "A pathologist who specializes in the diagnosis of immunologic diseases."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.abpath.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pathology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) was provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pathology. The Certification is NO longer provided."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZM0300X",
              "display" : "Medical Microbiology",
              "definition" : "A medical microbiologist is expert in the isolation and identification of microbial agents that cause infectious disease. Viruses, bacteria and fungi, as well as parasites, are identified and, where possible, tested for susceptibility to appropriate antimicrobial agents."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.abpath.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pathology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) was provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pathology. The Certification is NO longer provided."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZN0500X",
              "display" : "Neuropathology",
              "definition" : "A neuropathologist is expert in the diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system and skeletal muscles and functions as a consultant primarily to neurologists and neurosurgeons. The neuropathologist is knowledgeable in the infirmities of humans as they affect the nervous and neuromuscular systems, be they degenerative, infectious, metabolic, immunologic, neoplastic, vascular or physical in nature."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton changed, source changed] Additional Resources: American Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.abpath.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pathology. A subspecialty certificate for MGG was approved by the ABMS in 1999. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: Proposal under development."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZP0007X",
              "display" : "Molecular Genetic Pathology",
              "definition" : "A molecular genetic pathologist is expert in the principles, theory and technologies of molecular biology and molecular genetics. This expertise is used to make or confirm diagnoses of Mendelian genetic disorders, disorders of human development, infectious diseases and malignancies, and to assess the natural history of those disorders. A molecular genetic pathologist provides information about gene structure, function and alteration and applies laboratory techniques for diagnosis, treatment and prognosis for individuals with related disorders."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. [7/1/2007: definition added, source added, 7/1/2009: defintion reformatted; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.abpath.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pathology (note: this taxonomy code identifies the anatomic pathology only route). To acknowledge the diverse activities in the practice of pathology and to accommodate the interests of individuals wanting to enter the field, the ABP offers primary certification through the following three routes: combined anatomic pathology and clinical pathology, anatomic pathology only and clinical pathology only. Primary certification in anatomic pathology or clinical pathology may be combined with some of the subspecialty certifications."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZP0101X",
              "display" : "Anatomic Pathology",
              "definition" : "A pathologist deals with the causes and nature of disease and contributes to diagnosis, prognosis and treatment through knowledge gained by the laboratory application of the biologic, chemical and physical sciences. A pathologist uses information gathered from the microscopic examination of tissue specimens, cells and body fluids, and from clinical laboratory tests on body fluids and secretions for the diagnosis, exclusion and monitoring of disease."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added, 7/1/2009: definition reformatted] Additional Resources: American Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.abpath.org/ This taxonomy code identifies the combined anatomic pathology & clinical pathology route. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pathology. To acknowledge the diverse activities in the practice of pathology and to accommodate the interests of individuals wanting to enter the field, the ABP offers primary certification through the following three routes: combined anatomic pathology and clinical pathology, anatomic pathology only and clinical pathology only. Primary certification in anatomic pathology or clinical pathology may be combined with some of the subspecialty certifications."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZP0102X",
              "display" : "Anatomic Pathology & Clinical Pathology",
              "definition" : "A pathologist deals with the causes and nature of disease and contributes to diagnosis, prognosis and treatment through knowledge gained by the laboratory application of the biologic, chemical and physical sciences. A pathologist uses information gathered from the microscopic examination of tissue specimens, cells and body fluids, and from clinical laboratory tests on body fluids and secretions for the diagnosis, exclusion and monitoring of disease."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.abpath.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pathology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) was provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pathology. The Certification is NO longer provided."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZP0104X",
              "display" : "Chemical Pathology",
              "definition" : "A chemical pathologist has expertise in the biochemistry of the human body as it applies to the understanding of the cause and progress of disease. This physician functions as a clinical consultant in the diagnosis and treatment of human disease. Chemical pathology entails the application of biochemical data to the detection, confirmation or monitoring of disease."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.abpath.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pathology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pathology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZP0105X",
              "display" : "Clinical Pathology/Laboratory Medicine",
              "definition" : "A pathologist deals with the causes and nature of disease and contributes to diagnosis, prognosis and treatment through knowledge gained by the laboratory application of the biologic, chemical and physical sciences. A pathologist uses information gathered from the microscopic examination of tissue specimens, cells and body fluids, and from clinical laboratory tests on body fluids and secretions for the diagnosis, exclusion and monitoring of disease."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Pathology, 2007. http://www.abpath.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pathology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "207ZP0213X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Pathology",
              "definition" : "A pediatric pathologist is expert in the laboratory diagnosis of diseases that occur during fetal growth, infancy and child development. The practice requires a strong foundation in general pathology and substantial understanding of normal growth and development, along with extensive knowledge of pediatric medicine."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certificatio<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "208000000X",
          "display" : "Pediatrics",
          "definition" : "A pediatrician is concerned with the physical, emotional and social health of children from birth to young adulthood. Care encompasses a broad spectrum of health services ranging from preventive healthcare to the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic diseases. A pediatrician deals with biological, social and environmental influences on the developing child, and with the impact of disease and dysfunction on development.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080A0000X",
              "display" : "Adolescent Medicine",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician who specializes in adolescent medicine is a multi-disciplinary healthcare specialist trained in the unique physical, psychological and social characteristics of adolescents, their healthcare problems and needs."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Obesity Medicine [7/1/2015: new] Additional Resource: American Society of Bariatric Physicians, www.asbp.org."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080B0002X",
              "display" : "Obesity Medicine",
              "definition" : "A physician who specializes in the treatment of obesity demonstrates competency in and a thorough understanding of the treatment of obesity and the genetic, biologic, environmental, social, and behavioral factors that contribute to obesity. The obesity medicine physician employs therapeutic interventions including diet, physical activity, behavioral change, and pharmacotherapy. The obesity medicine physician utilizes a comprehensive approach, and may include additional resources such as dietitians, exercise physiologists, mental health professionals and bariatric surgeons as indicated to achieve optimal results. Additionally, the obesity medicine physician maintains competency in providing pre- peri- and post-surgical care of bariatric surgery patients, promotes the prevention of obesity, and advocates for those who suffer from obesity."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2009 [7/1/2009: definition added]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080C0008X",
              "display" : "Child Abuse Pediatrics",
              "definition" : "A Child Abuse Pediatrician serves as a resource to children, families and communities by accurately diagnosing abuse; consulting with community agencies on child safety; providing expertise in courts of law; treating consequences of abuse and neglect; directing child abuse and neglect prevention programs and participating on multidisciplinary teams investigating; and managing child abuse cases."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080H0002X",
              "display" : "Hospice and Palliative Medicine",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician with special knowledge and skills to prevent and relieve the suffering experienced by patients with life-limiting illnesses. This specialist works with an interdisciplinary hospice or palliative care team to maximize quality of life while addressing physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of both patient and family throughout the course of the disease, through the dying process, and beyond for the family. This specialist has expertise in the assessment of patients with advanced disease; the relief of distressing symptoms; the coordination of interdisciplinary patient and family-centered care in diverse venues; the use of specialized care systems including hospice; the management of the imminently dying patient; and legal and ethical decision making in end-of-life care."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A certification was, but is no longer issued by the American Board of Pediatrics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080I0007X",
              "display" : "Clinical & Laboratory Immunology",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician who specializes in clinical and laboratory immunology disease management."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080N0001X",
              "display" : "Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician who is the principal care provider for sick newborn infants. Clinical expertise is used for direct patient care and for consulting with obstetrical colleagues to plan for the care of mothers who have high-risk pregnancies."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition changed, source changed, 3/26/2008: definition corrected] Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080P0006X",
              "display" : "Developmental � Behavioral Pediatrics",
              "definition" : "A developmental-behavioral specialist is a pediatrician with special training and experience who aims to foster understanding and promotion of optimal development of children and families through research, education, clinical care and advocacy efforts. This physician assists in the prevention, diagnosis, and management of developmental difficulties and problematic behaviors in children and in the family dysfunctions that compromise children's development."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition changed, source changed] Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080P0008X",
              "display" : "Neurodevelopmental Disabilities",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician who treats children having developmental delays or learning disorders including those associated with visual and hearing impairment, mental retardation, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, autism and other chronic neurologic conditions. This specialist provides medical consultation and education and assumes leadership in the interdisciplinary management of children with neurodevelopmental disorders. They may also focus on the early identification and diagnosis of neurodevelopmental disabilities in infants and young children as well as on changes that occur as the child with developmental disabilities grows."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: title modified, definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A Certification of Special Qualifications (CSQ) is issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080P0201X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Allergy/Immunology",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies, allergic reactions, and immunologic diseases in children."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) was provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics. The Certification is no longer offered."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080P0202X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Cardiology",
              "definition" : "A pediatric cardiologist provides comprehensive care to patients with cardiovascular problems. This specialist is skilled in selecting, performing and evaluating the structural and functional assessment of the heart and blood vessels, and the clinical evaluation of cardiovascular disease."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition changed, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: 2 years of training with 3 years Pediatrics plus 1 year Pediatric Critical Care for certification for a total of 6 years. ABMS Approved Subspecialty Certificate (Pediatrics)"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080P0203X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Critical Care Medicine",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician expert in advanced life support for children from the term or near-term neonate to the adolescent. This competence extends to the critical care management of life-threatening organ system failure from any cause in both medical and surgical patients and to the support of vital physiological functions. This specialist may have administrative responsibilities for intensive care units and also facilitates patient care among other specialists."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080P0204X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Emergency Medicine",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician who has special qualifications to manage emergencies in infants and children."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080P0205X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Endocrinology",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician who provides expert care to infants, children and adolescents who have diseases that result from an abnormality in the endocrine glands (glands which secrete hormones). These diseases include diabetes mellitus, growth failure, unusual size for age, early or late pubertal development, birth defects, the genital region and disorders of the thyroid, the adrenal and pituitary glands."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080P0206X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Gastroenterology",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the digestive systems of infants, children and adolescents. This specialist treats conditions such as abdominal pain, ulcers, diarrhea, cancer and jaundice and performs complex diagnostic and therapeutic procedures using lighted scopes to see internal organs."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) was provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics. The Certification is no longer offered."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080P0207X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Hematology-Oncology",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician trained in the combination of pediatrics, hematology and oncology to recognize and manage pediatric blood disorders and cancerous diseases."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) was provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics. The Certification is no longer offered."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080P0208X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Infectious Diseases",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician trained to care for children in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of infectious diseases. This specialist can apply specific knowledge to affect a better outcome for pediatric infections with complicated courses, underlying diseases that predispose to unusual or severe infections, unclear diagnoses, uncommon diseases and complex or investigational treatments."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) was provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics. The Certification is no longer offered."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080P0210X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Nephrology",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician who deals with the normal and abnormal development and maturation of the kidney and urinary tract, the mechanisms by which the kidney can be damaged, the evaluation and treatment of renal diseases, fluid and electrolyte abnormalities, hypertension and renal replacement therapy."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) was provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics. The Certification is no longer offered."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080P0214X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Pulmonology",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician dedicated to the prevention and treatment of all respiratory diseases affecting infants, children and young adults. This specialist is knowledgeable about the growth and development of the lung, assessment of respiratory function in infants and children, and experienced in a variety of invasive and noninvasive diagnostic techniques."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080P0216X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Rheumatology",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician who treats diseases of joints, muscle, bones and tendons. A pediatric rheumatologist diagnoses and treats arthritis, back pain, muscle strains, common athletic injuries and collagen diseases."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080S0010X",
              "display" : "Sports Medicine",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician who is responsible for continuous care in the field of sports medicine, not only for the enhancement of health and fitness, but also for the prevention of injury and illness. A sports medicine physician must have knowledge and experience in the promotion of wellness and the prevention of injury. Knowledge about special areas of medicine such as exercise physiology, biomechanics, nutrition, psychology, physical rehabilitation, epidemiology, physical evaluation, injuries (treatment and prevention and referral practice) and the role of exercise in promoting a healthy lifestyle are essential to the practice of sports medicine. The sports medicine physician requires special education to provide the knowledge to improve the healthcare of the individual engaged in physical exercise (sports) whether as an individual or in team participation."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Sleep Medicine [7/1/2006: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080S0012X",
              "display" : "Sleep Medicine",
              "definition" : "A Pediatrician who practices Sleep Medicine is certified in the subspecialty of sleep medicine and specializes in the clinical assessment, physiologic testing, diagnosis, management and prevention of sleep and circadian rhythm disorders. Sleep specialists treat patients of any age and use multidisciplinary approaches. Disorders managed by sleep specialists include, but are not limited to, sleep related breathing disorders, insomnia, hypersomnias, circadian rhythm sleep disorders, parasomnias and sleep related movement disorders."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition changed, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: Medical Toxicology (EM) 2 years with 3-4 years Emergency Medicine for a total of 5-6 years; for Medical Toxicology (Preventive Medicine) 2 years with 3 years Preventive Medicine for a total of 5 years. Medical Toxicology (Pediatrics): None. ABMS Approved Subspecialty Certificates (Emergency Medicine) (Pediatrics) (Preventive Medicine)"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080T0002X",
              "display" : "Medical Toxicology",
              "definition" : "Medical toxicologists are physicians that specialize in the prevention, evaluation, treatment and monitoring of injury and illness from exposures to drugs and chemicals, as well as biological and radiological agents. Medical toxicologists care for people in clinical, academic, governmental and public health settings, and provide poison control center leadership. Important areas of medical toxicology include acute drug poisoning, adverse drug events, drug abuse, addiction and withdrawal, chemicals and hazardous materials, terrorism preparedness, venomous bites and stings, and environmental and workplace exposures."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: new] Additional Resources; American Board of Pediatrics, 2007. http://www.abp.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Pediatrics."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2080T0004X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Transplant Hepatology",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician with expertise in transplant hepatology encompasses the special knowledge and skill required of pediatric gastroenterologists to care for patients prior to and following hepatic transplantation; it spans all phases of liver transplantation."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2007. http://www.abpmr.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "208100000X",
          "display" : "Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation",
          "definition" : "Physical medicine and rehabilitation, also referred to as rehabilitation medicine, is the medical specialty concerned with diagnosing, evaluating, and treating patients with physical disabilities. These disabilities may arise from conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system such as neck and back pain, sports injuries, or other painful conditions affecting the limbs, such as carpal tunnel syndrome. Alternatively, the disabilities may result from neurological trauma or disease such as spinal cord injury, head injury or stroke. A physician certified in physical medicine and rehabilitation is often called a physiatrist. The primary goal of the physiatrist is to achieve maximal restoration of physical, psychological, social and vocational function through comprehensive rehabilitation. Pain management is often an important part of the role of the physiatrist. For diagnosis and evaluation, a physiatrist may include the techniques of electromyography to supplement the standard history, physical, x-ray and laboratory examinations. The physiatrist has expertise in the appropriate use of therapeutic exercise, prosthetics (artificial limbs), orthotics and mechanical and electrical devices.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2081H0002X",
              "display" : "Hospice and Palliative Medicine",
              "definition" : "A physical medicine and rehabilitation physician with special knowledge and skills to prevent and relieve the suffering experienced by patients with life-limiting illnesses. This specialist works with an interdisciplinary hospice or palliative care team to maximize quality of life while addressing physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of both patient and family throughout the course of the disease, through the dying process, and beyond for the family. This specialist has expertise in the assessment of patients with advanced disease; the relief of distressing symptoms; the coordination of interdisciplinary patient and family-centered care in diverse venues; the use of specialized care systems including hospice; the management of the imminently dying patient; and legal and ethical decision making in end-of-life care."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: new] Additional Resources: American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2007. http://www.abpmr.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2081N0008X",
              "display" : "Neuromuscular Medicine",
              "definition" : "A physician who specializes in neuromuscular medicine possesses specialized knowledge in the science, clinical evaluation and management of these disorders. This encompasses the knowledge of the pathology, diagnosis and treatment of these disorders at a level that is significantly beyond the training and knowledge expected of a general neurologist, child neurologist or physiatrist."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition changed, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2007. http://www.abpmr.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: 1 year of training with 3-5 years in relevant specialty for a total of 4-6 years. ABMS Approved Subspecialty Certificate: (Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2081P0004X",
              "display" : "Spinal Cord Injury Medicine",
              "definition" : "A physician who addresses the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and management of traumatic spinal cord injury and non-traumatic etiologies of spinal cord dysfunction by working in an interdisciplinary manner. Care is provided to patients of all ages on a lifelong basis and covers related medical, physical, psychological and vocational disabilities and complications."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition changed, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2007. http://www.abpmr.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. A subspecialty certificate for PRM was approved by the ABMS in 1999. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: Early discussions underway"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2081P0010X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine",
              "definition" : "A physiatrist who utilizes an interdisciplinary approach and addresses the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and management of congenital and childhood-onset physical impairments including related or secondary medical, physical, functional, psychosocial and vocational limitations or conditions, with an understanding of the life course of disability. This physician is trained in the identification of functional capabilities and selection of the best of rehabilitation intervention strategies, with an understanding of the continuum of care."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2015 [1/1/2016: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2081P0301X",
              "display" : "Brain Injury Medicine",
              "definition" : "A Brain Injury Medicine physician specializes in disorders of brain function due to injury and disease. These disorders encompass a range of medical, physical, neurologic, cognitive, sensory, and behavioral disorders that result in psychosocial, educational, and vocational consequences."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition changed, source changed] Additional Resources: American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2007. http://www.abpmr.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. A subspecialty certificate was approved by the ABMS in 1999. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: Proposal under development."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2081P2900X",
              "display" : "Pain Medicine",
              "definition" : "A physician who provides a high level of care, either as a primary physician or consultant, for patients experiencing problems with acute, chronic or cancer pain in both hospital and ambulatory settings. Patient care needs may also be coordinated with other specialists."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2009. www.abms.org [7/1/2009: definition added]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2081S0010X",
              "display" : "Sports Medicine",
              "definition" : "A physician who specializes in Sports Medicine is responsible for continuous care related to the enhancement of health and fitness as well as the prevention of injury and illness. The specialist possesses knowledge and experience in the promotion of wellness and the prevention of injury from many areas of medicine such as exercise physiology, biomechanics, nutrition, psychology, physical rehabilitation, epidemiology, physical evaluation and injuries. It is the goal of a Sports Medicine specialist to improve the healthcare of the individual engaged in physical exercise."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Plastic Surgery, 2007. http://www.abplsurg.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Plastic Surgery."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "208200000X",
          "display" : "Plastic Surgery",
          "definition" : "A plastic surgeon deals with the repair, reconstruction or replacement of physical defects of form or function involving the skin, musculoskeletal system, craniomaxillofacial structures, hand, extremities, breast and trunk and external genitalia or cosmetic enhancement of these areas of the body. Cosmetic surgery is an essential component of plastic surgery. The plastic surgeon uses cosmetic surgical principles to both improve overall appearance and to optimize the outcome of reconstructive procedures. The surgeon uses aesthetic surgical principles not only to improve undesirable qualities of normal structures but in all reconstructive procedures as well.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition changed, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Plastic Surgery, 2007. http://www.abplsurg.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Plastic Surgery. A subspecialty certificate was approved by the ABMS in 2000. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: None."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2082S0099X",
              "display" : "Plastic Surgery Within the Head and Neck",
              "definition" : "A plastic surgeon with additional training in plastic and reconstructive procedures within the head, face, neck and associated structures, including cutaneous head and neck oncology and reconstruction, management of maxillofacial trauma, soft tissue repair and neural surgery. The field is diverse and involves a wide age range of patients, from the newborn to the aged. While both cosmetic and reconstructive surgery is practiced, there are many additional procedures which interface with them."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Plastic Surgery, 2007. http://www.abplsurg.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Plastic Surgery."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2082S0105X",
              "display" : "Surgery of the Hand",
              "definition" : "A plastic surgeon with additional training in the investigation, preservation, and restoration by medical, surgical and rehabilitative means of all structures of the upper extremity directly affecting the form and function of the hand and wrist."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Preventive Medicine, 2007. http://www.abprevmed.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Preventive Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Preventive Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Preventive Medicine."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "2083A0100X",
          "display" : "Preventive Medicine",
          "definition" : "Aerospace medicine focuses on the clinical care, research, and operational support of the health, safety, and performance of crewmembers and passengers of air and space vehicles, together with the support personnel who assist operation of such vehicles. This population often works and lives in remote, isolated, extreme, or enclosed environments under conditions of physical and psychological stress. Practitioners strive for an optimal human-machine match in occupational settings rich with environmental hazards and engineering countermeasures.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Obesity Medicine [7/1/2015: new] Additional Resource: American Society of Bariatric Physicians, www.asbp.org."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2083B0002X",
              "display" : "Obesity Medicine",
              "definition" : "A physician who specializes in the treatment of obesity demonstrates competency in and a thorough understanding of the treatment of obesity and the genetic, biologic, environmental, social, and behavioral factors that contribute to obesity. The obesity medicine physician employs therapeutic interventions including diet, physical activity, behavioral change, and pharmacotherapy. The obesity medicine physician utilizes a comprehensive approach, and may include additional resources such as dietitians, exercise physiologists, mental health professionals and bariatric surgeons as indicated to achieve optimal results. Additionally, the obesity medicine physician maintains competency in providing pre- peri- and post-surgical care of bariatric surgery patients, promotes the prevention of obesity, and advocates for those who suffer from obesity."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: The American Board of Preventive Medicine, 2013 [1/1/2014: new] Additional Resources: The American Board of Preventive Medicine, www.theabpm.org"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2083C0008X",
              "display" : "Clinical Informatics",
              "definition" : "Physicians who practice Clinical Informatics collaborate with other health care and information technology professionals to analyze, design, implement and evaluate information and communication systems that enhance individual and population health outcomes, improve patient care, and strengthen the clinician-patient relationship. Clinical Informaticians use their knowledge of patient care combined with their understanding of informatics concepts, methods, and tools to: assess information and knowledge needs of health care professionals and patients; characterize, evaluate, and refine clinical processes; develop, implement, and refine clinical decision support systems; and lead or participate in the procurement, customization, development, implementation, management, evaluation, and continuous improvement of clinical information systems."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Preventive Medicine, 2007. http://www.abprevmed.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Preventive Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2083P0011X",
              "display" : "Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine",
              "definition" : "A specialist who treats decompression illness and diving accident cases and uses hyperbaric oxygen therapy to treat such conditions as carbon monoxide poisoning, gas gangrene, non-healing wounds, tissue damage from radiation and burns and bone infections. This specialist also serves as consultant to other physicians in all aspects of hyperbaric chamber operations and assesses risks and applies appropriate standards to prevent disease and disability in divers and other persons working in altered atmospheric conditions."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A General Certificate is issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Preventive Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2083P0500X",
              "display" : "Preventive Medicine/Occupational Environmental Medicine",
              "definition" : "A preventive medicine physician who specializes in preventive medicine/occupational-environmental medicine, which is focused on protecting the population from occupational and environmental conditions."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Preventive Medicine, 2007. http://www.abprevmed.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Preventive Medicine, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Preventive Medicine. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Preventive Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2083P0901X",
              "display" : "Public Health & General Preventive Medicine",
              "definition" : "Public health and general preventive medicine focuses on promoting health, preventing disease, and managing the health of communities and defined populations. These practitioners combine population-based public health skills with knowledge of primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention-oriented clinical practice in a wide variety of settings."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A Certification of Added Qualifications (CAQ) is issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Preventive Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2083S0010X",
              "display" : "Sports Medicine",
              "definition" : "A preventive medicine physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of sports related conditions and injuries."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Preventive Medicine, 2007. http://www.abprevmed.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Preventive Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2083T0002X",
              "display" : "Medical Toxicology",
              "definition" : "Medical toxicologists are physicians who specialize in the prevention, evaluation, treatment and monitoring of injury and illness from exposures to drugs and chemicals, as well as biological and radiological agents. Medical toxicologists care for people in clinical, academic, governmental and public health settings, and provide poison control center leadership. Important areas of medical toxicology include acute drug poisoning, adverse drug events, drug abuse, addiction and withdrawal, chemicals and hazardous materials, terrorism preparedness, venomous bites and stings, and environmental and workplace exposures."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Preventive Medicine, 2007. http://www.abprevmed.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Preventive Medicine."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2083X0100X",
              "display" : "Occupational Medicine",
              "definition" : "Occupational medicine focuses on the health of workers, including the ability to perform work; the physical, chemical, biological, and social environments of the workplace; and the health outcomes of environmental exposures. Practitioners in this field address the promotion of health in the work place, and the prevention and management of occupational and environmental injury, illness, and disability."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Osteopathic Board of Neurology and Psychiatry, 2007 [1/1/2008: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: http://www.osteopathic.org/certification"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "2084A0401X",
          "display" : "Psychiatry & Neurology",
          "definition" : "A doctor of osteopathy board eligible/certified in the field of Psychiatry by the American Osteopathic Board of Neurology and Psychiatry is able to obtain a Certificate of Added Qualifications in the field of Addiction Medicine",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Adapted from the United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties website definition at: http://www.ucns.org/go/subspecialty/neurocritical [7/1/2016: new] Additional Resources: Additional Resources: National Board for Certification of Orthopaedic Assistants"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084A2900X",
              "display" : "Neurocritical Care",
              "definition" : "The medical subspecialty of Neurocritical Care is devoted to the comprehensive, multisystem care of the critically-ill neurological patient. Like other intensivists, the neurointensivist generally assumes the primary role for coordinating the care of his or her patients in the ICU, both the neurological and medical management of the patient. They may also provide consultative services for these patients as requested within the health system."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Obesity Medicine [7/1/2015: title and definition modified] Additional Resource: American Society of Bariatric Physicians, www.asbp.org."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084B0002X",
              "display" : "Obesity Medicine",
              "definition" : "A physician who specializes in the treatment of obesity demonstrates competency in and a thorough understanding of the treatment of obesity and the genetic, biologic, environmental, social, and behavioral factors that contribute to obesity. The obesity medicine physician employs therapeutic interventions including diet, physical activity, behavioral change, and pharmacotherapy. The obesity medicine physician utilizes a comprehensive approach, and may include additional resources such as dietitians, exercise physiologists, mental health professionals and bariatric surgeons as indicated to achieve optimal results. Additionally, the obesity medicine physician maintains competency in providing pre- peri- and post-surgical care of bariatric surgery patients, promotes the prevention of obesity, and advocates for those who suffer from obesity."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee. [1/1/2012: new] Additional Resources: American Academy of Neurology, www.aan.com."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084B0040X",
              "display" : "Behavioral Neurology & Neuropsychiatry",
              "definition" : "Behavioral Neurology & Neuropsychiatry is a medical subspecialty involving the diagnosis and treatment of neurologically based behavioral issues."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Neurology [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084D0003X",
              "display" : "Diagnostic Neuroimaging",
              "definition" : "A licensed physician, who has completed a residency program in Neurology, and who has additional training, experience, and competence in the standards of performance and interpretation of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI / MRA) of the head, spine, and peripheral nerves, and Computed Tomography (CT) of the head and spine. Physicians are trained in the administration of contrast media and the recognition and treatment of adverse reactions to contrast media. Neuroimaging training encompasses thorough knowledge of clinical neurology, neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, neuropharmacology, and dynamics of cerebrospinal fluid circulation. Physicians possess special expertise in the technical aspects and clinical applications of each of the modalities and techniques of neuroimaging."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Inc. [1/1/2007: new definition]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084F0202X",
              "display" : "Forensic Psychiatry",
              "definition" : "Forensic Psychiatry is a subspecialty with psychiatric focus on interrelationships with civil, criminal and administrative law, evaluation and specialized treatment of individuals involved with the legal system, incarcerated in jails, prisons, and forensic psychiatry hospitals."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084H0002X",
              "display" : "Hospice and Palliative Medicine",
              "definition" : "A psychiatrist or neurologist with special knowledge and skills to prevent and relieve the suffering experienced by patients with life-limiting illnesses. This specialist works with an interdisciplinary hospice or palliative care team to maximize quality of life while addressing physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of both patient and family throughout the course of the disease, through the dying process, and beyond for the family. This specialist has expertise in the assessment of patients with advanced disease; the relief of distressing symptoms; the coordination of interdisciplinary patient and family-centered care in diverse venues; the use of specialized care systems including hospice; the management of the imminently dying patient; and legal and ethical decision making in end-of-life care."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: new] Additional Resources: American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, 2007. http://www.abpn.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084N0008X",
              "display" : "Neuromuscular Medicine",
              "definition" : "A neurologist or child neurologist who specializes in the diagnosis and management of disorders of nerve, muscle or neuromuscular junction, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, peripheral neuropathies (e.g., diabetic and immune mediated neuropathies), various muscular dystrophies, congenital and acquired myopathies, inflammatory myopathies (e.g., polymyositis, inclusion body myositis) and neuromuscular transmission disorders (e.g., myasthenia gravis, Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome)."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Inc. [1/1/2007: new definition]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084N0400X",
              "display" : "Neurology",
              "definition" : "A Neurologist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases or impaired function of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, muscles, autonomic nervous system, and blood vessels that relate to these structures."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Inc. [1/1/2007: new definition]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084N0402X",
              "display" : "Neurology with Special Qualifications in Child Neurology",
              "definition" : "A Child Neurologist specializes in neurology with special skills in diagnosis and treatment of neurologic disorders of the neonatal period, infancy, early childhood, and adolescence."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Inc. [1/1/2007: new definition]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084N0600X",
              "display" : "Clinical Neurophysiology",
              "definition" : "Clinical Neurophysiology is a subspecialty with psychiatric or neurologic expertise in the diagnosis and management of central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous system disorders using combined clinical evaluation and electrophysiologic testing such as electroencephalography (EEG), electromyography (EMG), and nerve conduction studies (NCS)."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition changed, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, 2007. http://www.abpn.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. A subspecialty certificate for NDN was approved by the ABMS in 1999. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: Ongoing early discussions regarding proposal."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084P0005X",
              "display" : "Neurodevelopmental Disabilities",
              "definition" : "A pediatrician or neurologist who specializes in the diagnosis and management of chronic conditions that affect the developing and mature nervous system such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation and chronic behavioral syndromes, or neurologic conditions."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Inc. [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084P0015X",
              "display" : "Psychosomatic Medicine",
              "definition" : "Psychosomatic Medicine is subspecialty in the diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric disorders and symptoms in complex medically ill patients. This subspecialty includes treatment of patients with acute or chronic medical, neurological, obstetrical or surgical illness in which psychiatric illness is affecting their medical care and/or quality of life such as HIV infection, organ transplantation, heart disease, renal failure, cancer, stroke, traumatic brain injury, high-risk pregnancy and COPD, among others. Patients also may be those who have a psychiatric disorder that is the direct consequence of a primary medical condition, or a somatoform disorder or psychological factors affecting a general medical condition. Psychiatrists specializing in Psychosomatic Medicine provide consultation-liaison services in general medical hospitals, attend on medical psychiatry inpatient units, and provide collaborative care in primary care and other outpatient settings."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2015 [1/1/2016: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084P0301X",
              "display" : "Brain Injury Medicine",
              "definition" : "A Brain Injury Medicine physician specializes in disorders of brain function due to injury and disease. These disorders encompass a range of medical, physical, neurologic, cognitive, sensory, and behavioral disorders that result in psychosocial, educational, and vocational consequences."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Inc. [1/1/2007: new definition]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084P0800X",
              "display" : "Psychiatry",
              "definition" : "A Psychiatrist specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of mental disorders, emotional disorders, psychotic disorders, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, substance-related disorders, sexual and gender identity disorders and adjustment disorders. Biologic, psychological, and social components of illnesses are explored and understood in treatment of the whole person. Tools used may include diagnostic laboratory tests, prescribed medications, evaluation and treatment of psychological and interpersonal problems with individuals and families, and intervention for coping with stress, crises, and other problems."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Inc. [1/1/2007: new definition]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084P0802X",
              "display" : "Addiction Psychiatry",
              "definition" : "Addiction Psychiatry is a subspecialty of psychiatry that focuses on evaluation and treatment of individuals with alcohol, drug, or other substance-related disorders, and of individuals with dual diagnosis of substance-related and other psychiatric disorders."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Inc. [1/1/2007: new definition]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084P0804X",
              "display" : "Child & Adolescent Psychiatry",
              "definition" : "Child & Adolescent Psychiatry is a subspecialty of psychiatry with additional skills and training in the diagnosis and treatment of developmental, behavioral, emotional, and mental disorders of childhood and adolescence."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Inc. [1/1/2007: new definition]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084P0805X",
              "display" : "Geriatric Psychiatry",
              "definition" : "Geriatric Psychiatry is a subspecialty with psychiatric expertise in prevention, evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of mental and emotional disorders in the elderly, and improvement of psychiatric care for healthy and ill elderly patients."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition changed, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, 2007. http://www.abpn.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. A subspecialty certificate was approved by ABMS in 1998. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: None."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084P2900X",
              "display" : "Pain Medicine",
              "definition" : "A neurologist, child neurologists or psychiatrist who provides a high level of care, either as a primary physician or consultant, for patients experiencing problems with acute, chronic or cancer pain in both hospital and ambulatory settings. Patient care needs may also be coordinated with other specialists."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A Certification of Added Qualifications (CAQ) was, but is no longer issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Neurology and Psychiatry."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084S0010X",
              "display" : "Sports Medicine",
              "definition" : "A psychiatrist or neurologist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of sports related conditions and injuries."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Sleep Medicine [7/1/2006: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084S0012X",
              "display" : "Sleep Medicine",
              "definition" : "A Psychiatrist or Neurologist who practices Sleep Medicine is certified in the subspecialty of sleep medicine and specializes in the clinical assessment, physiologic testing, diagnosis, management and prevention of sleep and circadian rhythm disorders. Sleep specialists treat patients of any age and use multidisciplinary approaches. Disorders managed by sleep specialists include, but are not limited to, sleep related breathing disorders, insomnia, hypersomnias, circadian rhythm sleep disorders, parasomnias and sleep related movement disorders."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Inc. [1/1/2007: new definition]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2084V0102X",
              "display" : "Vascular Neurology",
              "definition" : "Vascular Neurology is a subspecialty in the evaluation, prevention, treatment and recovery from vascular diseases of the nervous system. This subspecialty includes the diagnosis and treatment of vascular events of arterial or venous origin from a large number of causes that affect the brain or spinal cord such as ischemic stroke, intracranial hemorrhage, spinal cord ischemia and spinal cord hemorrhage."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2008 [7/1/2008: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: The American Osteopathic Board of Radiology no longer offers a certificate in this specialty."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "2085B0100X",
          "display" : "Radiology",
          "definition" : "A Radiology doctor of Osteopathy that specializes in Body Imaging.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Neurology [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2085D0003X",
              "display" : "Diagnostic Neuroimaging",
              "definition" : "A licensed physician, who has completed a residency program in Neurology, and who has additional training, experience, and competence in the standards of performance and interpretation of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI / MRA) of the head, spine, and peripheral nerves, and Computed Tomography (CT) of the head and spine. Physicians are trained in the administration of contrast media and the recognition and treatment of adverse reactions to contrast media. Neuroimaging training encompasses thorough knowledge of clinical neurology, neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, neuropharmacology, and dynamics of cerebrospinal fluid circulation. Physicians possess special expertise in the technical aspects and clinical applications of each of the modalities and techniques of neuroimaging."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2085H0002X",
              "display" : "Hospice and Palliative Medicine",
              "definition" : "A radiologist with special knowledge and skills to prevent and relieve the suffering experienced by patients with life-limiting illnesses. This specialist works with an interdisciplinary hospice or palliative care team to maximize quality of life while addressing physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of both patient and family throughout the course of the disease, through the dying process, and beyond for the family. This specialist has expertise in the assessment of patients with advanced disease; the relief of distressing symptoms; the coordination of interdisciplinary patient and family-centered care in diverse venues; the use of specialized care systems including hospice; the management of the imminently dying patient; and legal and ethical decision making in end-of-life care."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Radiology, 2007. http://www.theabr.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Radiology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Radiology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Radiology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2085N0700X",
              "display" : "Neuroradiology",
              "definition" : "A radiologist who diagnoses and treats diseases utilizing imaging procedures as they relate to the brain, spine and spinal cord, head, neck and organs of special sense in adults and children."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Radiology, 2007. http://www.theabr.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Radiology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Radiology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Radiology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2085N0904X",
              "display" : "Nuclear Radiology",
              "definition" : "A radiologist who is involved in the analysis and imaging of radionuclides and radiolabeled substances in vitro and in vivo for diagnosis and the administration of radionuclides and radiolabeled substances for the treatment of disease."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Radiology, 2007. http://www.theabr.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Radiology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Radiology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Radiology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2085P0229X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Radiology",
              "definition" : "A radiologist who is proficient in all forms of diagnostic imaging as it pertains to the treatment of diseases in the newborn, infant, child and adolescent. This specialist has knowledge of both imaging and interventional procedures related to the care and management of diseases of children. A pediatric radiologist must be highly knowledgeable of all organ systems as they relate to growth and development, congenital malformations, diseases peculiar to infants and children and diseases that begin in childhood but cause substantial residual impairment in adulthood."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Osteopathic Board of Radiology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2085R0001X",
              "display" : "Radiation Oncology",
              "definition" : "A radiologist who deals with the therapeutic applications of radiant energy and its modifiers and the study and management of disease, especially malignant tumors."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Radiology, 2007. http://www.theabr.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Radiology, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Radiology. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Radiology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2085R0202X",
              "display" : "Diagnostic Radiology",
              "definition" : "A radiologist who utilizes x-ray, radionuclides, ultrasound and electromagnetic radiation to diagnose and treat disease."
            },
            {
              "code" : "2085R0203X",
              "display" : "Therapeutic Radiology",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Radiology, 2007. http://www.theabr.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Radiology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2085R0204X",
              "display" : "Vascular & Interventional Radiology",
              "definition" : "A radiologist who diagnoses and treats diseases by various radiologic imaging modalities. These include fluoroscopy, digital radiography, computed tomography, sonography and magnetic resonance imaging."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Radiology, 2007. http://www.theabr.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Radiology."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2085R0205X",
              "display" : "Radiological Physics",
              "definition" : "A radiological physicist deals with the diagnostic and therapeutic applications of roentgen rays, gamma rays from sealed sources, ultrasonic radiation and radio-frequency radiation, as well as the equipment associated with their production and use, including radiation safety."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2008 [7/1/2008: definiton added, source added] Additional Resources: The American Osteopathic Board of Radiology no longer offers a certificate in this specialty. [Note: In medical practice, Diagnostic Ultrasound is part of the scope of training and practice of a Diagnostic Radiologists � see Taxonomy Code 2085R0202X.]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2085U0001X",
              "display" : "Diagnostic Ultrasound",
              "definition" : "A Radiology doctor of Osteopathy that specializes in Diagnostic Ultrasound."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Surgery, 2007. http://www.absurgery.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Surgery, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Surgery. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Surgery."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "208600000X",
          "display" : "Surgery",
          "definition" : "A general surgeon has expertise related to the diagnosis - preoperative, operative and postoperative management - and management of complications of surgical conditions in the following areas: alimentary tract; abdomen; breast, skin and soft tissue; endocrine system; head and neck surgery; pediatric surgery; surgical critical care; surgical oncology; trauma and burns; and vascular surgery. General surgeons increasingly provide care through the use of minimally invasive and endoscopic techniques. Many general surgeons also possess expertise in transplantation surgery, plastic surgery and cardiothoracic surgery.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine [1/1/2007: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2086H0002X",
              "display" : "Hospice and Palliative Medicine",
              "definition" : "A surgeon with special knowledge and skills to prevent and relieve the suffering experienced by patients with life-limiting illnesses. This specialist works with an interdisciplinary hospice or palliative care team to maximize quality of life while addressing physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of both patient and family throughout the course of the disease, through the dying process, and beyond for the family. This specialist has expertise in the assessment of patients with advanced disease; the relief of distressing symptoms; the coordination of interdisciplinary patient and family-centered care in diverse venues; the use of specialized care systems including hospice; the management of the imminently dying patient; and legal and ethical decision making in end-of-life care."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Surgery, 2007. http://www.absurgery.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Surgery, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Surgery. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Surgery."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2086S0102X",
              "display" : "Surgical Critical Care",
              "definition" : "A surgeon with expertise in the management of the critically ill and postoperative patient, particularly the trauma victim, who specializes in critical care medicine diagnoses, treats and supports patients with multiple organ dysfunction. This specialist may have administrative responsibilities for intensive care units and may also facilitate and coordinate patient care among the primary physician, the critical care staff and other specialists."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Surgery, 2007. http://www.absurgery.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Surgery."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2086S0105X",
              "display" : "Surgery of the Hand",
              "definition" : "A surgeon with expertise in the investigation, preservation and restoration by medical, surgical and rehabilitative means, of all structures of the upper extremity directly affecting the form and function of the hand and wrist."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Surgery, 2007. http://www.absurgery.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Surgery."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2086S0120X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Surgery",
              "definition" : "A surgeon with expertise in the management of surgical conditions in premature and newborn infants, children and adolescents."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee, 2009 [1/1/2010: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: A General Certificate is issued by the American Osteopathic Board of Surgery."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2086S0122X",
              "display" : "Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery",
              "definition" : "A surgeon who specializes in plastic and reconstructive surgery."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Surgery, 2007 [1/1/2008: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: http://www.absurgery.org/."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2086S0127X",
              "display" : "Trauma Surgery",
              "definition" : "Trauma surgery is a recognized subspecialty of general surgery. Trauma surgeons are physicians who have completed a five-year general surgery residency and usually continue with a one to two year fellowship in trauma and/or surgical critical care, typically leading to additional board certification in surgical critical care. There is no trauma surgery board certification at this point. To obtain board certification in surgical critical care, a fellowship in surgical critical care or anesthesiology critical care must be completed during or after general surgery residency."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added; 7/1/2011: modified source]<br/><br/>Additional Resources: American Board of Surgery, 2007. http://www.absurgery.org/. American Osteopathic Board of Surgery, 2007. http://www.osteopathic.org/certification<br/><br/>Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Surgery. Board certification for Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs) is provided by the American Osteopathic Board of Surgery."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2086S0129X",
              "display" : "Vascular Surgery",
              "definition" : "A surgeon with expertise in the management of surgical disorders of the blood vessels, excluding the intracranial vessels or the heart."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: Society of Surgical Oncology, 2007 [1/1/2008: definition added, source added, 7/1/2009: definiition reformatted] Additional Resources: http://www.surgonc.org/ ; American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007, www.abms.org ; American Board of Surgery, 2007, http://www.absurgery.org/ Surgical oncology is a recognized fellowship subspecialty program of surgery. Separate board certification is not currently offered."
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2086X0206X",
              "display" : "Surgical Oncology",
              "definition" : "A surgical oncologist is a well-qualified surgeon who has obtained additional training and experience in the multidisciplinary approach to the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of cancer patients, and devotes a major portion of his or her professional practice to these activities and cancer research."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Urology, 2007. http://www.abu.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Urology."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "208800000X",
          "display" : "Urology",
          "definition" : "A urologist manages benign and malignant medical and surgical disorders of the genitourinary system and the adrenal gland. This specialist has comprehensive knowledge of and skills in endoscopic, percutaneous and open surgery of congenital and acquired conditions of the urinary and reproductive systems and their contiguous structures.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2011. [1/1/2012: new] Resources: www.abms.org"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2088F0040X",
              "display" : "Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery",
              "definition" : "A subspecialist in Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery is a physician in Urology or Obstetrics and Gynecology who, by virtue of education and training, is prepared to provide consultation and comprehensive management of women with complex benign pelvic conditions, lower urinary tract disorders, and pelvic floor dysfunction. Comprehensive management includes those diagnostic and therapeutic procedures necessary for the total care of the patient with these conditions and complications resulting from them."
            },
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Pediatrics [7/1/2006: new]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "2088P0231X",
              "display" : "Pediatric Urology",
              "definition" : "Surgeons who can diagnose, treat, and manage children�s urinary and genital problems. A pediatric urologist devotes a minimum of 50% of his or her practice to the urologic problems of infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatric urologists generally provide the following services: the evaluation and management of voiding disorders; vesicoureteral reflux, and urinary tract infections that require surgery; surgical reconstruction of the urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, and bladder) including genital abnormalities, hypospadias, and intersex conditions; surgery for groin conditions in childhood and adolescence (undescended testes, hydrocele/hernia, varicocele)."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: added definition, added source] Additional Resources: American Board of Colon and Rectal Surgery, 2007. http://www.abcrs.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Colon and Rectal Surgery. Colon and rectal surgeons have the expertise to diagnose and often manage anorectal conditions such as hemorrhoids, fissures (painful tears in the anal lining), abscesses and fistulae (infections located around the anus and rectum) in the office setting. They also treat problems of the intestine and colon, and perform endoscopic procedures to evaluate and treat problems such as cancer, polyps (precancerous growths) and inflammatory conditions."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "208C00000X",
          "display" : "Colon & Rectal Surgery",
          "definition" : "A colon and rectal surgeon is trained to diagnose and treat various diseases of the intestinal tract, colon, rectum, anal canal and perianal area by medical and surgical means. This specialist also deals with other organs and tissues (such as the liver, urinary and female reproductive system) involved with primary intestinal disease."
        },
        {
          "code" : "208D00000X",
          "display" : "General Practice",
          "definition" : "Definition to come..."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Medical Specialties, 2007. www.abms.org [7/1/2007: definition added, source added] Additional Resources: American Board of Thoracic Surgery, 2007. http://www.abts.org/. Board certification for Medical Doctors (MDs) is provided by the American Board of Thoracic Surgery. Thoracic surgeons have the knowledge, experience and technical skills to accurately diagnose, operate upon safely, and effectively manage patients with thoracic diseases of the chest. This requires substantial knowledge of cardiorespiratory physiology and oncology, as well as capability in the use of heart assist devices, management of abnormal heart rhythms and drainage of the chest cavity, respiratory support systems, endoscopy and invasive and noninvasive diagnostic techniques."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "208G00000X",
          "display" : "Thoracic Surgery (Cardiothoracic Vascular Surgery)",
          "definition" : "A thoracic surgeon provides the operative, perioperative and critical care of patients with pathologic conditions within the chest. Included is the surgical care of coronary artery disease, cancers of the lung, esophagus and chest wall, abnormalities of the trachea, abnormalities of the great vessels and heart valves, congenital anomalies, tumors of the mediastinum and diseases of the diaphragm. The management of the airway and injuries of the chest is within the scope of the specialty."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Society of Hospital Medicine, 2007. http://www.hospitalmedicine.org/ [7/1/2009: definition aded] Additional Resources: Hospitalist is a recognized fellowship specialty program offered by many medical institutions. There is no board certification for the specialty at this point."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "208M00000X",
          "display" : "Hospitalist",
          "definition" : "Hospitalists are physicians whose primary professional focus is the general medical care of hospitalized patients. Their activities include patient care, teaching, research, and leadership related to Hospital Medicine. The term 'hospitalist' refers to physicians whose practice emphasizes providing care for hospitalized patients."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 2008 [7/1/2008: modified definition] Additional Resources: Clinical pharmacology is a recognized fellowship program for physicians, pharmacists, and post-doctoral researchers delivered through medical education institutions accredited by the American Board of Clinical Pharmacology. http://www.ascpt.org/; American Board of Clinical Pharmacology http://www.abcp.net/"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "208U00000X",
          "display" : "Clinical Pharmacology",
          "definition" : "Clinical pharmacology encompasses the spectrum of activities related to the discovery, development, regulation, and utilization of safe and effective drugs."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Academy of Pain Medicine The American Board of Pain Medicine provides Board Certification."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "208VP0000X",
          "display" : "Pain Medicine",
          "definition" : "Pain Medicine is a primary medical specialty based on a distinct body of knowledge and a well-defined scope of clinical practice that is founded on science, research and education. It is concerned with the study of pain, the prevention of pain, and the evaluation, treatment, and rehabilitation of persons in pain. A comprehensive evaluation incorporates the physical, psychological, cognitive and socio-cultural contributions to pain. The treatment protocol may include pharmacological, invasive, behavioral, cognitive, rehabilitative and complementary strategies provided in a concurrent focused and patient specific manner. The pain medicine physician often serves the patient as a frontline physician regarding their pain, but also may serve as a consultant to other physicians, direct an interdisciplinary/multidisciplinary treatment team, conduct research, or advocate for the patient�s pain care with public and private agencies. The Pain Medicine physician may work in variety of settings including office, clinic, hospital, university, or governmental/public agencies.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "code" : "208VP0014X",
              "display" : "Interventional Pain Medicine",
              "definition" : "Interventional Pain Medicine is the discipline of medicine devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of pain and related disorders principally with the application of interventional techniques in managing subacute, chronic, persistent, and intractable pain, independently or in conjunction with other modalities of treatment."
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board of Legal Medicine 08/1992 [7/1/2009: definition reformatted] Additional Resources: Training Programs, and/or Fellowships, Preceptorships: Certification available through the American Board of Legal Medicine. ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: None."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "209800000X",
          "display" : "Legal Medicine",
          "definition" : "Legal Medicine is a special field of medicine that focuses on various aspects of medicine and law. Historically, the practice of legal medicine made contributions to medicine as a scientific instrument to solve criminal perplexities. Since World War II, the domain of legal medicine has broadened to include not only aspects of medical science to solve legal and criminal problems but aspects of law as it applies to medicine. Legal Medicine continues to grow as medicolegal issues like medical malpractice and liability, government regulation of health care, issues of tort reform, and moral and ethical complexities presented by technological advances become increasingly prominent. Many medical schools have implemented courses which supply medicolegal instruction for medical students, and many law schools now offer medicolegal courses. Also, dual degree programs in law and medicine have been created to assist physicians to bridge the gap between medicine and the law."
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "code" : "base-12",
      "display" : "Podiatric Medicine & Surgery Service Providers",
      "concept" : [
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: (1) Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois: 1994, p. 622."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "211D00000X",
          "display" : "Assistant, Podiatric",
          "definition" : "An individual who assists a podiatrist in tasks, such as exposing and developing x-rays; taking and recording patient histories; assisting in biomechanical evaluations and negative castings; preparing and sterilizing instruments and equipment; providing the patient with postoperative instructions; applying surgical dressings; preparing the patient for treatment, padding, and strapping; and performing routine office procedures."
        },
        {
          "code" : "213E00000X",
          "display" : "Podiatrist",
          "definition" : "A podiatrist is a person qualified by a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine (D.P.M.) degree, licensed by the state, and practicing within the scope of that license. Podiatrists diagnose and treat foot diseases and deformities. They perform medical, surgical and other operative procedures, prescribe corrective devices and prescribe and administer drugs and physical therapy.",
          "concept" : [
            {
              "extension" : [
                {
                  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
                  "valueString" : "[7/1/2006: marked inactive, use value 213E00000X]"
                }
              ],
              "code" : "213EG0000X",
              "display" : "General Practice"
            },
            {
              "code" : "213EP0504X",
              "display" : "Public Medicine",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "213EP1101X",
              "display" : "Primary Podiatric Medicine",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "213ER0200X",
              "display" : "Radiology",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "213ES0000X",
              "display" : "Sports Medicine",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "213ES0103X",
              "display" : "Foot & Ankle Surgery",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            },
            {
              "code" : "213ES0131X",
              "display" : "Foot Surgery",
              "definition" : "Definition to come..."
            }
          ]
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "code" : "base-13",
      "display" : "Respiratory, Developmental, Rehabilitative and Restorative Service Providers",
      "concept" : [
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: (1) Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois: 1994, p. 107. (2) Art Therapy Program, Marymount College, Tarrytown, NY (3) National Coalition of Arts"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "221700000X",
          "display" : "Art Therapist",
          "definition" : "(1) An individual who uses art to achieve the therapeutic goals of symptom relief, emotional integration, and recovery from or adjustment to illness or disability. (2) An art therapist uses a form of treatment that enables patients with mental or physical disabilities to use art as a way of expressing and dealing with feelings and inner conflicts. (3) An individual who uses arts modalities and creative processes during intentional intervention in therapeutic, rehabilitative, community, or educational settings to foster health, communication, and expression; promote the integration of physical, emotional, cognitive, and social functioning; enhance self-awareness; and facilitate change."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: The Illinois Developmental Therapists Association [1/1/2007: new]"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "222Q00000X",
          "display" : "Developmental Therapist",
          "definition" : "A Developmental Therapist is a person qualified by completion of an approved program in Developmental Therapy and where applicable credentialed by the state and practicing within the scope of the credential, or credentialed by completion of education experiences as approved by the state and practicing within the scope of that credential or, where state credentialing does not exist, certified by the Board of the Developmental Therapy Association. A developmental therapist evaluates children's global development in order to identify areas of developmental delay whether arising from physiological, neurological, or environmental factors, or a combination of factors; and designs, implements, and modifies therapeutic interventions for the child and the family to promote the child's acquisition of skills in a variety of developmental areas, including cognitive processes and social interaction in order to maximize functional independence and developmental homeostasis, and improve the quality of life at home and in the community; and provides consultation for the parents and other professionals working with the family on global development."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board for Certification in Orthotics, Prosthetics, and Pedorthics, Inc. [7/1/2010: modified, 7/1/2013: modified] Additional Resources: American Board for Certification in Orthotics, Prosthetics and Pedorthics, Inc., www.abcop.org and Board of Certification/Accreditation, International, www.bocusa.org."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "222Z00000X",
          "display" : "Orthotist",
          "definition" : "A health care professional who is specifically educated and trained to manage comprehensive orthotic patient care, including musculoskeletal and neuromuscular anomalies resulting from injuries or disease processes involving the lower extremity, upper extremity or spinal segment/s and positional deformation of the cranium. Orthotists assess specific patient needs, formulate an appropriate treatment plan, implement the treatment plan and provide follow-up care."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee [7/1/2010: new] Additional Resources: American Board for Certification in Orthotics, Prosthetics and Pedorthics, Inc., www.abcop.org and Board of Certification/Accreditation, International, www.bocusa.org."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "224900000X",
          "display" : "Mastectomy Fitter",
          "definition" : "An individual trained in the fitting and adjusting of breast prostheses and management of post-mastectomy prostheses services."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: National Uniform Claim Committee [7/1/2010: new] Additional Resources: American Board for Certification in Orthotics, Prosthetics and Pedorthics, Inc., www.abcop.org and Board of Certification/Accreditation, International, www.bocusa.org."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "224L00000X",
          "display" : "Pedorthist",
          "definition" : "An individual who is trained in the management and treatment of conditions of the foot, ankle, and lower extremities requiring fitting, fabricating, and adjusting of pedorthic devices."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: American Board for Certification in Orthotics, Prosthetics, and Pedorthics, Inc. [7/1/2010: modified, 7/1/2013: modified] Additional Resources: American Board for Certification in Orthotics, Prosthetics and Pedorthics, Inc., www.abcop.org and Board of Certification/Accreditation, International, www.bocusa.org."
            }
          ],
          "code" : "224P00000X",
          "display" : "Prosthetist",
          "definition" : "A health care professional who is specifically educated and trained to manage comprehensive prosthetic patient care for individuals who have sustained complete or partial limb loss or absence. Prosthetists assess specific patient needs, formulate an appropriate treatment plan, implement the treatment plan and provide follow-up care."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/codesystem-comments",
              "valueString" : "Source: What is a Clinical Exercise Physiologist? Clinical Exercise Physiology Association (CEPA), CEPA Executive Board, 2008"
            }
          ],
          "code" : "224Y00000X",
          "display" : "Clinical Exercise Physiologist",
          "definition" : "A Clinical Exercise Physiologist is a health care professional who is trained to work with patients with chronic disease where exercise training has been shown to be of therapeutic benefit, including but not limited to cardiovascular and pulmonary disease, and metabolic disorders."
        },
        {
          "extension" : [